The structural reforms that Spain has to undertake in the coming months have been highlighted by the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, in his speech at the State of the Union debate held this Wednesday in the European Parliament in Strasbourg.
After a year marked by the pandemic, Von der Leyen has stressed that the European Union has emerged stronger from the Covid-19 crisis that has hit the economy, health and European society. But he also recalled that there is a long way to go to leave the coronavirus behind and prop up the economic recovery.
German politics has been targeted open the debate on the economic governance of the eurozone in this legislature and has clarified that the revision of the Stability and Growth Pact will take place before 2023, as claimed by the Spanish Government.
However, he has also had words to remember the duties that our country has pending since the last crisis economical. And in particular it has aimed at the “labour reform” that the Spanish Government has committed with Brussels to undertake between now and the end of the year.
“We have learned the lessons of the past, when we were too divided and we acted too late. And the difference is clear: the previous time it took eight years for the Eurozone’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to return to the pre-crisis level. time, we expect 19 countries to return to the pre-pandemic level this year and the rest next year “, has said.
In this recovery, fondos de Next Generation UE that Europe is going to finance with joint debt issues will be key to promoting a more digital future that allows the 27 to face challenges, such as semiconductor self-sufficiency so as not to depend on Asia. But, as he recalled, this rain of aid will have to be accompanied by reforms.
“The good news is that with Next Generation EU we are going to invest in both short-term recovery and long-term prosperity. We will tackle structural problems in our economy, from labor reforms in Spain to pension reform in Slovenia or the tax reforms in Austria, for example “, highlighted the German.
Von der Leyen stressed that growth in the eurozone has already outpaced both the United States and China in the last quarter. He has also gotten his chest due to the evolution of vaccination at this time, despite the difficulties that the European Commission had to manage purchases in a first phase.
European Health Agency
One of the great announcements that the president has made in this debate is the launch of HERA, a European agency to prevent future pandemics. This organism will be born with a budget of 50,000 million euros.
This announcement occurs when the EU has exceeded the rate of vaccination to other countries such as the United States and already has more than 70% of the population fully vaccinated, in addition to a common digital certificate that already works in all its member states as if they were one.
Another of the president’s great announcements has been the promise of a European directive against gender violence that this course will be launched.
In addition, Brussels will put the dimension of care on its agenda and will promote the integration of young people in the common project with programs such as ALMA that are aimed at Europeans outside the Erasmus university environment.
Soteu in Strasbourg
The State of the union It is the annual speech that since 2010 the President of the European Commission has addressed to the plenary session of the European Parliament at the start of the political course in September.
From the communication point of view, it is the most important event for the Commission because in addition to taking stock of the previous year, announce the points that will mark the European agenda in the next year.
This debate, known as Soteu, is the second that Von der Leyen has delivered as president of the European Commission. German policy was released in the State of the Union last year, in the middle of the pandemic, and therefore, his words in the Parliament of Strasbourg were very marked by the health and economic crisis that devastated Europe.
On this occasion, von der Leyen has taken stock of the management of Covid-19, has reviewed the progress of the European Union as a result of the pandemic and has set its agenda by giving a special importance to the ecological and digital transition, two of the crucial aspects for Next Generation. But without forgetting health, an issue that directly affects all citizens.
The President of the European Commission has addressed Europeans in three languages: English, French and German, although in the final part of his speech he surprised the MEPs by also speaking in italiano.