Almost half of Russians (49 percent) would prefer the Soviet Union’s political system to the current system in Russia. This is the result of a survey by the Moscow polling institute Levada Center result. The institute has been asking the Russian population the same questions over the years as part of a long-term study.
The current result is the highest value since the early 2000s. With the renewed acceptance of the Soviet state model, the acceptance of the current political system is also lost. At the moment, only 18 percent of those surveyed would vote for the current model of government. In 2015 this value was almost twice as high. The “Western” model is even less popular. Only 16 percent of the respondents believe that the best political system is “democracy based on the model of Western countries”.
The “Soviet” political system is most popular among people aged 55 and over, who make up nearly two-thirds (62 percent) of respondents. The current system works best for Russians between the ages of 25 and 39 (22 percent). A third (32 percent) of those questioned between the ages of 18 and 24 preferred a “Western-style democracy”. The positive image of the Soviet system among young people is hardly inferior to this, at 30 percent.
Golden age? Russians long for the old Soviet era
The acceptance of the socialist model can also be checked through further questions. Almost two thirds of Russians (62 percent) prefer a state planning and distribution system as an economic system. This is the highest number ever recorded. Only 24 percent of those questioned are in favor of a system based on private property and market freedom.
Around two thirds (66 percent) of Russians would like to see Russia primarily as “a country with a high standard of living, even if it is not one of the strongest countries in the world”. Almost a third of Russians (32 percent) would like to see Russia as a “great power that is respected and feared by other countries”.
The survey was carried out from August 19 to 26, 2021 using a representative nationwide sample of the urban and rural population of 1,619 people aged 18 and over in 137 municipalities in 50 regions of the Russian Federation. As reported by the Lewada Center, the survey was carried out in the respondents’ homes in personal conversations.
more on the subject – August coup against Gorbachev: who is to blame for the collapse of the Soviet Union?