World.- In the ephemeris of this September 15 Several important events that marked the history of humanity stand out, for example: in 1821, there was the proclamation of independence from Spain from the Captaincy General of Guatemala, then formed by the current Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica.
What are the ephemeris of September 15?
1521.- Carlos I of Spain grants the title of city to the population of Panama, founded by Pedrarias Dávila in 1519.
1842.- The Honduran statesman Francisco Morazán, who tried to impose political unity in Central America, is shot in Costa Rica.
1921.- Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador form the Republic of Central America.
1935.– Germany: The Nuremberg laws strip Jews of German citizenship and prohibit their marriage to people of “German blood”.
1954.- In China, the National People’s Congress approves a new Constitution and Mao Tse Tung is appointed head of state.
1959.- First visit of Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev to the US.
1960.- Congo: General Joseph Mobutu overthrows the Head of State, Josep Kasavubu, and the Prime Minister, Patricio Lumumba.
1965.- The new Constitution of Guatemala declares communism outside the law.
1976.- The Soviet Union launches the Soyuz 22 spacecraft with two crew members on board with the mission of photographing and studying planet Earth.
1984.- The Bolivian trade unionist Juan Lechín Oquendo is reelected executive secretary of the Central Obrera Boliviana.
1995.- Closing in Beijing of the IV World Conference on Women: Reservation of 39 countries (mostly Catholic or Islamic confessions) to the Declaration and the Platform for Action.
1999.- Former Mexican prosecutor Mario Ruiz Massieu, accused of laundering drug money, commits suicide in the US.
2003.– The European Union includes the Palestinian group Hamas on its list of terrorist organizations, from which it came out in 2014.
2005.- Chile: The Supreme Court ratifies the definitive dismissal of the case against General Augusto Pinochet for the crimes of “Operation Condor”.
2008.- Eight dead and a hundred injured in a narco-terrorist attack in Morelia (Mexico).
2008.- The bankruptcy of the US investment bank Lehman Brothers triggered the world’s biggest financial crisis since 1929.
2011.- The Social Democrat Helle Thorning-Schmidt wins the Danish elections.
2017.- The Cassini spacecraft mission on Saturn ends after 13 years orbiting the planet.
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2020. – The Supreme Court of Colombia refers to the Prosecutor’s Office an inquiry against former President Alvaro Uribe for alleged links with three massacres.
Who was born on September 15?
1830.- Porfirio Díaz, former president of Mexico.
1890.- Agatha Christie, British writer of mystery novels.
1894.- Jean Renoir, cineasta francés.
1904.- Humberto II, last king of Italy.
1907.- Fay Wray, Canadian-American actress.
1914.- Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentine writer.
1937.- Fernando de la Rúa, former president of Argentina.
1946.- Oliver Stone, American filmmaker.
1946.- Tommy Lee Jones, American actor.
1972.- Letizia Ortiz Rocasolano, Queen consort of Spain, wife of King Felipe VI.
1984.- Harry, second son of Prince Charles and Diana of Wales.
Who died on September 15?
1938.- Thomas Wolfe, American writer.
1973.- Gustavo Adolfo VI, King of Sweden.
2004.- Johnny Ramone, American guitarist.
2006.- Oriana Fallaci, Italian writer and journalist.
2008.- Richard Wright, British musician, founding member of “Pink Floyd”.
2017.- Harry Dean Stanton, actor estadounidense.
2018.- Kirin Kiki, Japanese actress.
2020.- Moussa Traoré, former dictator of Mali between 1968 and 1991.