Black currants are small, black fruits native to central Europe and northern Asia. They are known to have been cultivated since at least the 11th century, especially in different areas of Russia. Since then, it has enjoyed great popularity thanks to its many medicinal properties. For instance, its syrup made with boiled juice with sugar has traditionally been used to cure sore throats and lower fever.
During World War II, the United Kingdom used black currant berries as a source of vitamin. That is why the British government promoted the cultivation of the black currant plant. In Great Britain, around 1,400 hectares of this plant were cultivated. Interestingly, in the United States they were banned in the early 1910s after it was discovered that they housed a fungus that killed the white pines. The ban stayed on the books in most states for quite a few years.
Its historical popularity is due to its nutritional values. Are rich in vitamin C, organic acids and essential oils as well as other micro and macronutrients. Its flavor tends to acidity, but when they mature, it becomes somewhat sweeter. Although they can be consumed fresh, it is often used to make jellies, jams and syrups.
With all these data, it is not difficult to understand that consuming these berry it can generate important benefits in our organism. Let’s see some of them.How to style short hair: Georgina Rodríguez and Emma García have the keyCristina Brunetti is positioned as one of the autumn-winter trends and can be worn in a sober or more casual way.
An effective anti-inflammatory
Inflammation can cause cardiovascular diseases, liver and kidney. It can also induce arthritis, urinary tract infections, and neurodegenerative disorders (Alzheimer’s disease or dementia, among others). That is why it is vital to eat foods that are rich in anti-inflammatory compounds. Black currant contains anthocyanins, a class of polyphenols that suppress the activation of pro-inflammatory components in the immune system.
These berries are abundant in flavonoids. These phytochemicals have been shown to cause smooth muscle relaxation. Consequently, according to some studies, blackcurrant extracts could relax contractions in the gastrointestinal tract. Others studies confirm that they can inhibit spasms in the stomach and intestines.
Improves kidney health
The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of black currants help prevent kidney disorders. Its effect protects the kidneys from inflammation and infection. It also favors excretion of excess citric acid and oxalic acid from the body. Otherwise, these two acids can react to form kidney stones.
Lower cholesterol levels
High levels of LDL cholesterol, that is, bad cholesterol, increase the risk of cardiovascular, liver and metabolic disorders. The investigations they aim that diets rich in anthocyanins cause a decrease in their levels. Others studies in animals with extracts of black currant support this effect. Subjects treated with this extract showed significantly lower cholesterol levels than the untreated.
In addition, for its antioxidant properties, can prevent or delay the onset of obesity and chronic diseases such as atherosclerosis and Alzheimer’s.
Has antidiabetic effects
For its content in anthocyanins As 3-rutinoside cyanidin, 3-glucoside delphinidin and 3-rutinoside peonidin, in certain amounts, black currants help improve insulin sensitivity, particularly in people with type 2 diabetes. Anthocyanins block the activity of metabolizing enzymes of carbohydrates. As a result, the rapid breakdown of carbohydrates slows down, which can prevent sudden spikes in blood glucose levels.
Prevents eye disorders
Another effect of anthocyanins is that they increase blood flow in the optic nerves and the eyes. Some studies point out that regular consumption of such foods and supplements can slow aging and vision loss or related symptoms in glaucoma patients. They can also have positive effects on chronic eye ailments, including diabetic retinopathy, retinal vein occlusion, and retinal artery occlusion.
A living brain
Like vitamin C, black currant extract inhibits lipid peroxidation in your body. The studies experimental report 65% inhibition, thanks to its antioxidant capacity. In the absence of this effect, free radicals accumulate in your system. Free radicals are known are associated with neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s, Huntington’s and Parkinson’s diseases.
Memory improvement is another possible effect of consuming these berries, since reduce neuroinflammation. A cumulative effect of these properties causes an improvement in memory, learning and cognitive abilities.