Lima, August 9, 2021Updated on 08/09/2021 05:30 am
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In his first speech to Congress, President Pedro Castillo announced the creation of urban rounds that would be included in the citizen security system. Announcement that was not paid much attention but that implies the formation of citizen militias to exercise the role that only corresponds to the police: that of internal order.
As a sign of the government’s contempt for the constitutional order, in the trip of Guido Bellido to the Colquemarca community in Cusco, to meet with the peasant communities that had been blocking the access road to the Las Bambas mining project for ten days, the prime minister decided not to allow the National Police to protect him and chose to be escorted by the ronderos of the area. Bellido imposed his own “law”.
The conception of the modern state requires what Max Weber called the monopoly of legitimate violence. This is that only the State can legitimately use violence understood as the use of force – order, persecution and punishment – to impose the rule of law: the defense of the law, freedoms and the security of citizens.
The lack of presence of the State to guarantee the correct application of the law and the administration of justice in remote areas of the country, added to the extreme terrorist violence that attacked Peru, led the inhabitants of the peasant communities to organize themselves in rounds. The State recognized them and since the eighties it has regulated their capacities and their scope of operation, the peasant patrols are subordinate to the community and can only act within their territory.
The government’s intention to create “urban patrols” weakens the safety of citizens and the predictability of the law. Furthermore, there is no legal or institutional reason to justify its creation. The rounds are not a concept designed to be applied in cities, which face another type of reality and where the National Police is in charge of internal order. However, in the days after the second round, leaders of urban patrols appeared requesting their recognition and that they be allowed to administer justice and be trained in the use of firearms “to confront crime.” And the government of President Castillo, through the Vice Ministry of Internal Order, ordered the National Police to organize training workshops for the rounds in six regions of the country, including Cajamarca.
The idea of creating alternative militias or groups to the police is not an invention of Peru Libre, it is a weapon used by communism to establish control and limitation of freedoms in the countries where it has come to power. From Mao’s red guard, through Fidel’s Committees for the Defense of the Revolution to the Bolivarian motorized brigades of Commander Hugo Chávez. They operate as mechanisms of control and repression: they are the eyes and ears of the regime.
It is important to remember the links that the “advisor” Vladimir Cerrón has with the Militarized Communist Party of Peru and the Quispe Palominos, on the one hand, and the role of Antauro Humala and his reservists in the election of Pedro Castillo. Analyzing the information, everything indicates that the president is seeking to create a militia that responds to Peru Libre and to achieve this he needs to weaken the National Police. This task has already begun and proof of this is the resignation of the two vice ministers of the Interior.
In addition to the fact that the creation of “urban patrols” is illegal, the regimes that need to create militias do so to exercise control over their citizens and limit the exercise of their freedoms. All this has been happening in front of our eyes.