This July 29, the planet finished consuming all the resources available to the 7.8 billion human beings. Although consumption is unequal between the richest nations and populations versus the poorest in the world, the truth is that it generates a debt that is difficult to keep up with the pace and demand of the global economic system.
That is one of the main factors, according to the director of the Terram Foundation, Flavia Liberona, in conversation with journalists Juanita Rojas and Claudio Medrano in the first edition of Radioanalysis.
Liberona recalled that in a 2019 special report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change -a scientific body associated with the UN Convention on climate change-, it was pointed out that “at a global level we have to change the way we produce and consume food and return much more to local economies, much more to small-scale production ”.
The specialist stressed that “large productions in general are for export and therefore involve transportation, involve agrochemicals, involve deforestation, a host of things that we should be avoiding and that each country or each region, for example the Southern Cone, tends to have more local markets and not these large markets precisely because this is what is causing this ecological overdraft, but also a greater amount of greenhouse gas emissions and also greater loss of biodiversity ”.
Regarding the environmental overdraft that was fulfilled on July 29, Liberona indicated that “we have an accumulated as a planet that each year we have been eating more resources than we are capable of generating. It is obvious that we have a debt ”.
To this is added the overexploitation of resources and the greater production of greenhouse gases, elements that he said are directly related to fires and floods in places like Europe and Asian nations.
“There is a direct relationship between what we as people consume and the devastating effects that are occurring on the planet in relation to natural phenomena,” adds the director of Terram.
Liberona pointed out that in the case of Chile we are even worse since the environmental overdraft was reached on May 17, that is, more than two months ago.
“Chile is one of the countries that enters an ecological overdraft before, it is the first in Latin America and that is extremely worrying because that means that we are consuming much more than we are capable of producing in our country. May 17 is a date that shows that what we produce is not even enough for one semester of the year. I think that is something that must be looked at very carefully and on which the authorities should take charge of seeing how the country begins to consume less and produce more, especially for domestic consumption ”, he said.
For the directive, there is an explanation linked to the political decision adopted in the country to maintain itself as an export economy of certain raw and agricultural materials without worrying about production to satisfy the needs of the population.
“Being a primary-exporting country places us in this place. We produce copper and export it, but we are damaging our territory. We produce wine, avocado and other fruits and export. We produce salmon and export. When one looks at figures for agricultural production in Chile for basic consumption, it is shocking how we have regressed. Chile is not capable of supplying itself with lentils, beans, chickpeas, we are importing everything. This is due to the fact that many of the arable lands for legumes have been transformed for crops of export fruit trees, avocados and grapes, ”said Liberona.