This Wednesday, the Senate Constitution, Legislation, Justice and Regulation Commission that is reviewing the bill that grants a pardon to the prisoners of the social outbreak that occurred in our country as of October 2019, after listening to the representatives of various organizations of relatives of detainees from the outbreak, agreed to request new information from the Public Ministry regarding violations of the guarantees of those who remain in preventive detention while their participation in the alleged commission of crimes is being investigated.
At the meeting this day, the legislators listened to the expositions of Jaime Fuentes of the National Assembly of Relatives of Political Prisoners; Raquel Torres, Verónica Verdugo, Carolina Oyarzún and Jorge Ulloa from the Initiatives for the Freedom of the Political Prisoners of the Revolt Group; while from the Mothers Association of the Plaza Colón, exhibited Marcela Mercado and Francis Espinoza.
The leaders alluded to the long investigation times, the unjustified precautionary measures of preventive detention even in minors and how this is further proof that in Chile there is a criminalization of social protest.
According to what the senator pointed out Ebensperger Light (UDI)Despite sharing and empathizing with the concern of mothers whose children are imprisoned, it is essential that a distinction be made between those who were detained in the context of protests and those who actually committed crimes during that period.
“I also I distinguish between the people who came out in the social outbreak to demonstrate a social protest, to tell the State ‘Hey, make us visible, we have needs that have not been resolved by the State‘, of those who took advantage of this social protest and committed crimes affecting other people who also had social needs ”.
For his part, the independent senator Pedro Araya pointed out the need to advance as soon as possible in the proposed commission with the president of the Senate, Yasna Provoste, so that the historical truth is established in the various cases of the social outbreak, both of human rights violations, political criminal prosecution and damages patrimonial.
“For this reason, together with the president of the Senate, we have proposed this commission that can effectively establish who were victims of criminal prosecution unjustly, were deprived of liberty and who were also victims of crimes resulting from the looting that took place in various cities of our country. , who were unjustly persecuted and who suffered human rights violations and from that, propose solutions and reparations for the State and that there may be a self-criticism of how the State reacts to this situation of social outbreak ”.
Meanwhile, from the Mothers Association of the Plaza Colón, the leader Francis Espinoza He criticized the lack of political solutions in this area and how everything has been left in the hands of criminal investigations by the Public Ministry and the subsequent action of the courts of justice.
“The discussion is not approached from a political theoretical aspect and not only from the rather legal things, but in what way the outbreak caused a change in the country, caused a relationship of social actors that became political actors and in what way can we update our readings based on what is being done in comparative international politics ”.
The Constitution Commission will meet again this Thursday and it was agreed to request a report from the Public Ministry regarding the cases presented by the representatives of social organizations and that correspond to events that occurred in Antofagasta in which there would be serious violations of the rights of those who are being investigated .
Next week the legislative body will continue to listen to presentations, this time from expert criminal lawyers with positions in favor and against the legal initiative and it is expected that the second week of August the commission will be able to vote on the project and send it for discussion in the Chamber. .