Hate crimes known to the State security forces in the first half of the year have increased by 9.3 percent compared to the same period of 2019 (the year before the pandemic) until 610, which were mostly due to racism and xenophobia, ideology and sexual orientation.
These are data provided this Wednesday by the Minister of the Interior, Fernando Grande-Marlaska, who has presented the report on the evolution of hate crimes in Spain during 2020 and informed of the new measures adopted by his department to expand the functions of the National Office for the fight against this type of crime.
Hate crime data in 2020: distorted by the pandemic
Regarding the 2020 data, the known crimes amounted to 1,401, with a decrease of 17.9 percent compared to 2019 due to confinement measures and restrictions on mobility due to the pandemic.
However, it has been observed an increase in hate crimes against people with disabilities (+ 69.2%), discrimination based on illness (+ 62.5%), discrimination based on sex / gender (+ 43.5%) and anti-Gypsyism (+ 57.1%).
On the other hand, hate crime areas that they decrease are those of ideology (-45.3), racism / xenophobia (-5.8%), against sexual orientation and gender identity (-0.4%) and anti-Semitism (-40.0%).
Among all the typologies that are included in the definition of hate crimes, as in previous years, lThreats and injuries, which account for 42.1% of known hate incidents.
Regarding victimizations by sex, there have been more incidents reported to the Security Forces and Bodies by males (59.5%) and the predominance of racism / xenophobia, followed by sexual orientation and gender identity.
The age group of the complaining victims is between 26 and 40 years old (34.3%), which coincides with the fringe of the perpetrators of these criminal acts.
Nine out of ten victims do not report
At the press conference offered by the Ministry of the Interior this Wednesday, the analysis of the General Directorate of Coordination and Studies of the Ministry on managed hate crime survey by the National Office for the Fight Against Hate Crimes (ONDOD).
One of the most relevant results is that, despite having felt victims, a very high percentage of the people surveyed (89.24%, that is, 390 out of 437) did not report.
Regarding the people who filed a complaint with the police station (47), slightly more than half described the information provided by the security forces on the rights that assist them as victims as “good” or “fair”.
Also, a 70.21% responded that the police response was “fast” or “regular” and the majority answered that their privacy was respected during the police action and that they felt protected by the police officers “a lot” or “regular”.
Significant increase in 2021
Marlaska has considered that “the data for 2020 are distorted by the circumstances that we all know and derived from covid-19, both the confinement suffered and the restrictions in the different phases have had a decisive impact on the data “.
For this reason, the minister believes that the data for this first semester of 2021 is more relevant, which can only be compared with that of 2019 and which confirms that it has been producing for years. “an objective and constant increase in criminal hate behavior”.
Regarding the latest murders that could have had some component of hatred, Marlaska did not want to comment, since they are judicialized, but has emphasized the need to report these events.