The coronavirus pandemic that has plagued the world since the beginning of last year has been characterized by unpredictability due to ignorance of how the virus works, its preferences and how it behaves in different situations.

Now, a year and a half after the first wave and the great lockdown, most of the unknowns have been resolved, although Covid-19 always surprises with some change. This is the case of the fifth hello, where a few months ago was a predominance of the most disadvantaged neighborhoods in contagion figures, now many regions they are turning around to that pattern.

There are two important factors to take into account: in this fifth wave, those most affected by the virus infection are the youths and, above all, of upper class. That is, the people younger and richer are contagious, now, more than other sections of the population.

As indicated in the weekly epidemiological report published this Tuesday by the Community of Madrid, which analyzes the period between July 19 and 25, where the accumulated incidence in the region has risen to 717.2 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in the last 14 days, are the Madrid municipalities and districts with higher rents those who more incidence accumulate.

For instance, Pozuelo de Alarcón (1.086,4), Boadilla del Monte (955,3), Alcobendas (838.6) and Majadahonda (824.6), today lead the incidence in the region. At the tail end are the municipalities of Alcala de Henares (464,2), Speak out (484.7) and Torrejón de Ardoz Y Arganda del Rey (both with 497.5).

As for the Madrid districts, they are located Center (1.147,1), Chamberí (983,4), Moncloa-Aravaca (965,8), Salamanca (889.5) and Chamartín (870.2). In contrast, the lowest prevalence rates have been in Vicálvaro (478,4), Villa de Vallecas (561,8), Latina (587,6), Villaverde (607,6), Usera (631.8) and San Blas-Canillejas (649,6).

The virus is the same (with its different variants), but the social processes that participate in generating people’s vulnerability and the places where infections occur have changed. Why did this happen?

The increase in cases in the most vulnerable neighborhoods of large cities and in the poorer areas of rural areas in the second wave made it clear that occupational exposure to public-facing jobs, the provision of care work (both professionally and informally) or difficulty in perform isolation and quarantine measures correctly, assumed a central aspect in the possibility of contagion and placed people with fewer resources in a situation of increased susceptibility to infection.

Leisure and mobility, the main causes

When in the first waves the labor environment and the housing conditions were the central place of transmission, the disadvantaged classes were seen as the main disadvantaged in the contagion figures. However, in this fifth wave the leisure and mobility They are the main causes of this increase in the number of infections.

Leisure activities as an area where Covid infections occur have two characteristics that help to understand how infections are now being distributed in Madrid: on the one hand, the leisure (both the time for him and the economic conditions for his performance) is stratified by income level, so that the ability to develop leisure activities (day, night, outdoors and, above all, indoors) yes who understands social classes; On the other hand, leisure is generationally much more segregated than other areas of life (family and even work), which, today, is an approximation that indicates the mix between vaccinated and unvaccinated population.

In addition to leisure, another key aspect is that of mobility (which may or may not be included in leisure); During the initial phase of the pandemic, the wealthiest classes were able to reduce your mobility as much as possible, taking advantage of teleworking and exposing ourselves less to possible contagions; However, with the return to a situation of fewer restrictions, it has been those population groups with greater economic capacity who have returned more quickly to patterns of high mobility.

From what could be said, that the rich move more but, above all, they control more if they move or not, so that when it was necessary to stop (first, second and third wave) they were those who had the capacity to do it. However, those who could not were the middle and lower classes. Therefore, income, housing or job have influenced the way the coronavirus has varied in the different waves.

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