The last presidential elections in Peru will go down in the history of modern politics through a process that took more than a month to proclaim the winner, a truly unusual time if one takes into account the computer and administrative tools, among others, to quickly resolve a problem. technical tie and the challenges that in this case complicated the definition.

Finally, the leftist rural professor and union leader, Pedro Castillo, proclaimed winner, will take office next Wednesday when the nation celebrates the bicentennial of its independence, announced in a solemn ceremony by General José de San Martín, on July 28, 1821, after the success of his liberating campaign.

Castillo managed to prevail in the second round of these complicated elections to the right-wing referent Keiko Fujimori, who aspired to a third term for the period 2021-2026, whose claims delayed the work of the National Elections Jury in proceedings that began on 9 last june. All counting ended with Fujimori’s promise to recognize the results as mandated by the country’s Constitution.

The leader of Peru Libre has reiterated that his movement is neither Chavista nor communist. They are entrepreneurs and guarantee a stable economy, respecting property and private investment, and above all, respecting fundamental guarantees, such as the right to health and education. But Castillo has great challenges ahead, in particular redirecting the economy and putting an end to a serious political and social crisis.

During the campaign as a candidate, and after the elections until the ballot, the new president has made an effort to calm the concern of the financial and business sectors, reaffirming that he has not considered making nationalizations, expropriations, confiscations of savings, exchange controls or prices, nor prohibit imports. All this to reassure a middle class concerned about the left in power.

But populism knocks on the doors of the new management. Many Peruvians keep hope for having achieved a Government for the great majority, so that it looks at the most forgotten with a social economy that protects them. They claim that it took 200 years to have a teacher peasant president for the first time, someone from the town who comes from the struggles, in reference to the teacher strike led by Castillo in 2017.

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