You are currently viewing July 22nd anniversary: ​​What happened on a day like today?

World.- In the ephemeris of this July 22 Several important events that marked the history of humanity stand out, for example: in 1944 the economic conference of Bretton Woods (USA) ended, in which the creation of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank was agreed.

What are the ephemeris of July 22?

1795.- The Peace of Basel is signed. The Roussillon war between France and Spain ends.

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1812.- War of Independence: battle of Arapiles (Salamanca). The Hispano-Anglo-Portuguese troops of the Duke of Wellington defeat the French of Marshal Marmont.

1844.- In Peru, the forces loyal to the president, General Manuel Ignacio de Vivanco, are defeated by those of General Ramón Castilla in the battle of Carmen Alto, in Arequipa.

1894.- The first automobile race in history between Paris and Rouen, organized by “Le Petit Journal”, ends.

1910.- The Spanish president, Antonio Maura, was slightly wounded when an anarchist shot him at the Francia station in Barcelona.

1918.- The Covadonga Mountain National Park, in Asturias, is declared. First in Spain and antecedent of the Picos de Europa National Park (1995).

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1921.- “Annual Disaster” in the Moroccan protectorate. Spanish defeat against the Rif people of Abd-el-Krim, with 10,000 Spanish soldiers killed.

1924.- Wagnerian festivals resume in Bayreuth, after the stoppage due to World War I, with the interpretation of “Los maestro cantores”.

1934.- Bank robber John Dillinger is killed by FBI agents in Chicago (Illinois).

1936.- Spanish Civil War: Republican forces put down the uprising in Guadalajara and the Francoists take Alto del León (Madrid).

1941.- The station Radio España Independiente, “La Pirenaica”, begins to broadcast from Moscow to Spain.

1942.- Transfer of the first contingent of Jews from the Warsaw ghetto to the Treblinka concentration camp (Poland).

1946.- 91 dead and 46 wounded in the attack by Jewish terrorists against the “Rey David” hotel in Jerusalem.

1946.- The World Health Organization (WHO) is established in New York at the conclusion of the International Health Conference.

1947.- Alejandro Lerroux, former president of the Council of Ministers of the Republic, returns to Spain from exile in Estoril (Portugal).

1951.- General Francisco Craveiro Lopes, elected President of Portugal in the elections as the only candidate.

1968.- The Government of Bolivia proclaims a state of siege due to disturbances caused by the delivery of a copy of “Che” Guevara’s newspaper to Fidel Castro.

1969.- Franco appoints before the Cortes Prince Juan Carlos his successor in the Headquarters of the State, as the future King of Spain.

1973.- Luis Ocaña wins the Tour de France.

1975.- They find 4 of the 5 people murdered in the “Los Galindos” farm, in Paradas (Seville).

1977.- Inauguration of the first Courts of democracy. King Juan Carlos recognizes the sovereignty of the Spanish people.

1978.- Spain authorizes its adherence to the Convention on the Status of Refugees and the Protocol on the Status of Refugees.

1981.- The Turkish Ali Agca, sentenced to life imprisonment in Rome for trying to assassinate John Paul II.

1987.- The Moroccan Said Aouita sets the world record of 5,000 meters (12: 58.39), in Rome. First time under 13 minutes.

1992.- Pablo Escobar, head of the Medellín cartel, and nine other lieutenants escape from the Envigado prison (Colombia), where they were mutinied.

1993.- Launch of the Ariane IV that carries Hispasat 1B, the second Spanish telecommunications satellite.

1994.- Bloodless military coup in the Gambia that overthrows the president, Dauda Jawara, who goes into exile in Senegal. Lieutenant Yaya Dieme happens to him two days later.

1999.- The shuttle Columbia, commanded for the first time by a woman, Commander Eileen Collins, takes off from Cape Canaveral (Florida), putting the Chandra X-ray observatory into orbit.

1999.- Microsoft launches MSN Internet Messenger, its instant messaging service from its MSN toolkit.

2003.- The US kills the two sons of Saddam Hussein, Quday and Uday, in an attack against Mosul.

2004.- The Portuguese José Manoel Durao Barroso receives the support of the European Parliament to preside over the European Commission.

2004.- The Commission’s report on the 9/11 attacks establishes the responsibility of the US Government and its espionage services for ignoring the threat of Al Qaeda.

2004.- Cuban dissident Martha Beatriz Roque, the only woman convicted of the “Group of 75” (2003), is released from prison for health reasons.

2005.- First marriage in Spain between two women, Sebastiana “Tani” Estévez and the Argentine Verónica, in Mollet del Vallés (Barcelona).

2005.- The Spanish Supreme Court rules that the Government request the extradition of 39 ex-military personnel and one civilian, for their crimes during the Argentine dictatorship.

2009.- Longest total solar eclipse of the 21st century. The star was totally hidden by the Moon for 6 minutes and 39 seconds.

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2011.- Double attack of the Norwegian far-right Anders Behring Breivik. It causes 77 deaths, 69 young people from a Labor Youth camp in Utoya, and the rest in Oslo.

2012.- Cuban dissident Oswaldo Payá dies in a traffic accident in the east of the island.

2013.- José Bretón is sentenced to 40 years in prison for the murder of his two children in Córdoba (2011).

2013.- Pope Francis begins in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) his first trip to Latin America to participate in the World Youth Day.

Who was born on July 22?

1478.- Felipe I, “the Handsome”, king consort of Castile.

1890.- Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, matriarca del clan Kennedy.

1926.- Luis Sánchez Polack, “Tip”, Spanish comedian.

1932.- Oscar de la Renta, Dominican designer.

1939.- Terence Stamp, actor británico.

1946.- Mireille Mathieu, cantante francesa.

1946.- Petre Roman, Romanian politician.

1955.- Willem Defoe, actor estadounidense.

1960.- Agatha Ruiz de la Prada, Spanish fashion designer.

1963.- Emilio Butragueño, former Spanish soccer player.

1971.- Óscar “Higares”, Spanish bullfighter.

1992.- Selena Gómez, American actress and singer.

Who died on July 22?

1645.- Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares.

1968.- Giovanni Guareschi, Italian writer.

1972.- Max Aub, Spanish writer.

1998.- Antonio Saura, Spanish painter.

2001.- Indro Montanelli, Italian periodist and historiador.

2004.- Sacha Distel, French singer and composer.

2011.- Linda Christian, actress of Mexican origin.

2019.- Li Peng, former Chinese Prime Minister.

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