In 2020, the Commissions for the Protection of Children and Youth (CPCJ) applied a total of 500 measures for the promotion and protection of precautionary titles, of which 92.6% were in a natural way of life, according to a report released today.
The data are contained in the Annual Evaluation Report on the Activity of the CPCJ, prepared by the National Commission for the Promotion of Rights and Protection of Children and Youth.
These precautionary measures arise when the swift and urgent protection of the child or young person is at stake, and the CPCJ may, exceptionally, apply measures while diagnosing the child’s situation and defining its subsequent referral, without prejudice to the need to conclude a promotion and protection agreement.
The maximum duration of these measures is six months and must be reviewed within a maximum period of three months.
The committees may also trigger emergency procedures at any procedural stage, in case there is imminent danger to life or serious impairment of the physical or psychological integrity of the child or young person, providing for their emergency protection, namely in a foster home or with of family members.
In 2020, 183 emergency procedures were performed, 22 fewer than in 2019.
In 2020, the 310 CPCJ intervened in 66,529 children and handled 69,622 processes, a number that represents the sum of the 30,256 processes carried over from previous years with the 31,599 opened for the first time in 2020 and the 7,767 reopened last year.
Thus, compared to the previous year, the report reveals a reduction of 2,394 cases, which is essentially related to the reduction in the opening of new cases – 2,422.
Out of the total intervention in 66,529 children and young people, 24,531 had measures applied or in execution in 2020, with a prevalence in the natural environment (91.5%).
Measures to remove the child or young person from their family represent 8.6%.
Of the 24,531 children monitored, 4,926 were aged from 0 to 5 years.
On the other hand, the report reveals that of these more than 20 thousand children and young people, 1,377 were of foreign nationality, with a predominance of Brazil (560) and PALOP (361), namely Angola (123) and Cape Verde (81).
At European level, French (52), Romanian (51) and Ukrainian (48) nationalities are distinguished. With regard to children and young people of Asian nationality, Indian (13) and Afghan (10) predominated.
The report released today also indicates that in 2020, 799 children and young people with some type of disability or incapacity were monitored, with 243 cases of mental/intellectual disability or incapacity standing out.
Children and young people accompanied in the year under analysis, with applied or in execution measure, according to the available data, mostly lived with their biological/adoptive family, or with the extended family, which is considered consistent with the prevalence of measures in natural living environment.
Regarding the main caregiver of accompanied children and young people, in a universe of 33,958 people, it is mostly female, representing 68.8%.
The CPCJ protection commissions with a higher average of monthly procedural activity belong to the Lisbon and Porto Metropolitan Area, as in the previous year, with emphasis on the Loures CPCJ, with a higher monthly average of active cases, a total of 967 .
There is a decrease considered very significant in the CPCJ of Sintra Oriental, as well as in the CPCJ of Sintra Ocidental (less than 165 processes) and in the CPCJ of Vila Nova de Gaia Norte (less 20 processes).
In relation to the others, all registered an increase in the monthly average of active cases, highlighting the CPCJ in Lisbon Centro (more 239 cases), Amadora (more 141), Odivelas (more than 130 cases) and Loures (more 105 cases ), taking the place of CPCJ with the largest active procedural volume in 2020.