National Police agents have recovered a treasure composed of 90 Roman Empire coins, specifically ureos, of great historical and economic value, and has arrested four people accused of crimes against historical heritage, misappropriation, reception or smuggling, as reported by the General Directorate of Police.

They are original coins and belonging to issues of the emperors Nern, Galba, Vespasiano, Titus, Trajan, Hadrian, Antonino Po, Marcus Aurelius, Lucio Vero, Didius Juliano, Heliogbalo and Alexander Severo.

The oldest were minted in the years 64 and 65 after Christ, while the most recent is from the year 231, and all of them have very high gold content, very close to 100%.

The investigation began a few months ago, when they were detected in a well-known auction room in Madrid. Police efforts revealed that the coins had been deposited by two natural persons from the province of Cceres, who had no relationship with the world of numismatics or were collectors of this type of object, but who had an active presence on social networks through groups of metal detectorists.

Eleven of the auctioned coins were smuggled object, exported to Germany, Bulgaria and Portugal without the mandatory export permits required by law and issued by the Ministry of Culture and Sports.

After complicated procedures and inquiries, since these are procedures that affect other countries with different legislations, the agents managed to recover ten of them, being pending the restitution of a ureo that was sold to Portugal, for which the Court that understands the investigation has been requested a European Investigation Order.

According to several experts related to numismatics, the sale of the coins individually would yield an approximate profit of 237,000 euros, although their commercialization as single set could have reached half a million euros.

Once the ureos were recovered, the police efforts focused on obtaining all the information related to those investigated in order to be able to determine the place from which they had been extracted.

These investigations made it possible to establish the coordinates, which correspond to a place cataloged in the archaeological chart of the Junta de Extremadura.

Records in Cceres

At the beginning of last June, the homes of two of those investigated were entered and searched, in the province of Cceres, intervening in the course of the same two metal detectors, some currency and old objects, in addition to abundant research-related documentation.

The agents proceeded to arrest the two implicated in a crime against historical heritage and another of misappropriation.

A few days later, the arrest of the person in charge of the room where the coins were auctioned and from a partner. The first was charged with the crimes of reception and smuggling and, the second, a reception crime.

Deposited in the Archaeological Museum

The coins were deposited in the National Archaeological Museum, which, in parallel to the investigations, carried out a detailed study of each of them.

This study determined that the 90 coins recovered are original, all Roman ureos of imperial times and belonging to emissions of the emperors Nero, Galba, Vespasian, Titus, Trajan, Hadrian, Antonino Po, Marcus Aurelius, Lucio Vero, Didius Juliano, Heliogbalo and Alejandro Severo.

The oldest were minted in the years 64 and 65 after Christ, while the most recent is from the year 231.

Of the total of the coins, 81 were minted in Rome Y five in Lugdunum, the current French city of Lyon.

The physical analysis has allowed to conclude that they have been buried in intimate and prolonged contact with some object made of copper, which is compatible with having been deposited in some type of metal container, a common way of hoarding coins. Other more precise analyzes allow to affirm their recent archaeological origin, that is to say, that they have been extracted a short time ago.


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