repeat course in primary and secondary education it will no longer depend on the number of failures of the student. In other words, the student may fail several subjects (before the limit was two failures) and still pass that academic stage or obtain the title of the THAT. If that is what the teaching team decides by consensus.

In this way, repetition of the course will be an exceptional measure and should be applied only when it is the most positive option for the student’s educational trajectory. Similarly, in Baccalaureate, students may also obtain the title with a failed subject, as long as they meet a series of conditions.

These are some of the measures included in the project of the royal decree that regulates for the 2021-2022 academic year the evaluation and conditions of promotion of Primary, High school Y high school, and that the Minister of Education, Isabel Celaá, has sent to the autonomous communities to propose changes before their approval.

The draft of the royal decree places special emphasis on the fact that as soon as learning difficulties are detected, educational reinforcement measures are applied or a curricular diversification is chosen, because the ultimate objective is to avoid at all costs that the student repeats [los alumnos solo podrán hacerlo una vez en primaria y dos en total durante la educación obligatoria (hasta ahora eran tres)].

Spain is one of the countries with the highest school failure. The repetition rate in Primary and Secondary is almost three times in relation to the average of the OECD countries: 29% of Spanish 15-year-old students have repeated at least once, compared to 11% in the OECD. And with this new educational model, he intends to turn this data around.

“Lazy of the future”

The text prepared by the department of Isabel Celaá, however, has been a jug of cold water for most of the Spanish teachers who see these measures, according to several of them to EL ESPAÑOL, a way of discrediting their daily work with students. students, in particular, and education, in general. “We are making the students to bed, we will create lazy of the day to day and of the future. Why are we going to make an effort to teach them? What is a child going to study for? Will think, Why am I going to do it, if total I will pass the course anyway. They are going to cling to the law of minimum effort ” Laura, teacher of primary education.

“I don’t think you can find many teachers who are in favor of this,” he says. Gregorio Marlasca, French teacher at a high school in Ávila. In his opinion, these measures are, for the most part, “an outrage”, but also a complete absurdity, in other cases.

With the latter, Marlasca refers to many of the guidelines proposed by the royal decree and that have already been put into practice in educational centers for years. “They say to prepare individual reports of the students in the second and fourth years of ESO, in which the students (and their families) are indicated the aspects that they should reinforce or which path they should follow … We already do that and in the Most of the cases they don’t even look at it, they only look at the numerical grade, “explains this teacher who has been teaching for more than 10 years.

In the royal decree, Education insists that the evaluation of students will be continuous and as soon as problems are detected, educational reinforcement measures must be established. Namely, support class. But who will give them? Asks this teacher. “Instead of insisting that repeating a year is an exception, they should insist that there be more class splits, as has happened in the pandemic. That is what really helps the student who has difficulties to have more help. No However, if everything returns to normal and the ratios too, with 30 students in the class I can’t cope. What is really lacking is more investment and more teachers, “criticizes this teacher.

On the other hand, it maintains that rewarding students who fail several subjects with the completion of the grade in primary or secondary school will only create a generation of young people “vacancy” Y “mediocre“Without a future.” If tomorrow we want a good lawyer or a good bricklayer, who is valuable people in their work, they have to value the effort. If you give them the approved one, they are not evaluating it. As they pose it, they will avoid repetitions, but without the kid learning; will be school failures “.

Second-year subjects

A teacher teaches in a classroom.

A teacher teaches in a classroom.

Europa Press

Compared to what happens in secondary education, in high school a student may go from first to second with a maximum of two failed subjects, although in any case they must enroll in second of the pending subjects of first. However, the teaching team may grant you the title with a failure if four conditions are met: that the teachers consider that you have achieved the general objectives; not having missed class continuously; have taken all the assessment tests and have an overall average of more than five.

An exception that teachers see even more serious than allowing ESO students to pass the course with failed subjects. “How are we going to allow a student to come to college with a failure? it is unfeasible. More in the case of a non-compulsory educational stage. The baccalaureate is attended by those who want and intense preparation must prevail, that the student arrives with guarantees and a solid training “, Marian, a teacher for more than twenty years, says.

This scenario, in addition, according to points, will trigger that there are subjects of first and second. That is to say, that the students bet more during that stage on the core subjects and abandon, for example, a second language, if they are allowed to get the title. “I teach French and that’s what happens. We are considered a second category subject. We are many teachers, we have been fighting for a long time so that now your work hits a wall, that they do not value you …

From my point of view, this law and the previous ones have been patches, which do not tackle the root problems of education. This royal decree is a facelift without great expectations and that, once again, has been done outside of teachers, parents and students “, criticizes this teacher.


In the same line is situated Pedro Jose Caballero, of the National Catholic Confederation of Parents of Students (CONCAPA). The president criticizes the future measures of Minister Celaá and warns that not only will they promote the mediocrity of a part of the student body, but that it will have a contagion effect with the rest. “If the approved is given to a student who does not make an effort, the person who does it to promote the course is discriminated against. What will happen? That when he sees what the other partner does, he will also do it,” he says.

Although the so-called Celaá law was approved in December, its implementation will be progressive. Thus, this new evaluation and promotion model will come into effect in September. And during the next course, it will still coexist with the teaching and learning model of the previous educational law, the ley worth.


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