Days ago, President Alberto Fernández was interviewed by Pedro Rosemblat for his social networks. This unleashed indignant criticism from several journalists from the hegemonic media who were upset with this situation. Luis Majul rebuked: “Mr. President give interviews to journalists!”
It’s been a long time since hegemonic journalism imposes self-legitimation when exclusivity is attributed to a social role as valuable as that of the right to communicate. It is harmful to democracy when the word is concentrated, and even more so when from that position of power it is sought to annul everything that is outside its all-consuming logic.
Nothing could be further from the fulfillment of the right to communication than to place oneself in the position of defining who is in a position to interview the President. When these types of reactions occur we can infer that some fiber was touched, something bothered. It bothers that the State and its leaders may have another way of communicating with the people. Cristina’s historic announcement of the Fernández – Fernández formula comes to mind. A fact that completely exceeded the reality check expectations that the media conglomerate assumes it has.
In light of the facts, one of the main tasks of neoliberalism as a cultural political project was to distort the social role of journalism. With journalists in the place of judges, who delegitimize and appropriate this tool of popular power. But they cannot do everything, and every day millions of journalists and popular media battle with incessant fake news and disinformation campaigns.
We generally return to a question that remains constant: what is journalism? In fact, different popular communicators say “I am not a journalist”, in a show of respect for the enormous tradition of journalists / intellectuals, and -also- of differentiation with respect to what hegemonic journalism did with the imaginary about the trade.
In these days that we think so much about Horacio González and we send him strength, I thought and returned to his book “Conjectural History of Journalism” published in 2013 by Colihue. We are many who when we need to challenge our ideas turn to Horacio. Fortunately, his work covers the vast majority of contemporary debates, polemicizing everything. At the first presentation of the book, on May 29 at the Museum of the book and language, Horacio stated that his book came in search of adding to an urgent public discussion.
The book reconstructs a history of journalism, thinks and plays with the threads that unite journalists and the media that marked the intellectual and political history of the Nation. A reconstruction that allows us to see in journalism and communication, in addition to a profession that is lived with passion, a tool for the realization of different political projects.
In this reconstruction, Horacio points out that journalism – in addition to its initial role of denying the concealment exercises – is a profession that in most cases is the unfolding of some other professional activity, especially politics.
So I think how necessary it is focus on journalism that occurs outside of the classic mainstream television set. Undoubtedly, the survival of journalism is possible because of that founding flame that unites it with politics, as a search for the common good and the exercise of our freedoms.
Journalism is one of the most precious assets of our society, each great protagonist in our history was in some way a journalist. Mariano Moreno is one of the fundamental icons. These days we celebrate the anniversary of the creation of the Gazeta de Buenos Aires. Same year in which the First Board created the National Library which, since 2013, under Horacio’s Directorate, bears the name of Mariano Moreno. At the base of the construction of our Nation is present journalism. Because the relationship between journalism and political processes is inescapable.
In his book H. González points out that the survival of journalism is at stake as the tutor of a new objectivity, “richer, more self-conscious and capable of showing its self-criticism. It would be a great step forward from the ruinous objectivity of a long previous period, which is falling to pieces before our eyes ”. Exercise and creating more journalism is the taskSeeing those who are uncomfortable, we will find the certainties in the construction of this path that is done by fighting against systematic lies.
* Teacher, researcher and Vice Dean of the Faculty of Journalism and Social Communication, UNLP.