According to the predictions of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), in the five years from 2021 to 2025 it is likely that a year is the warmest on record in the last century and a half with an increase in temperatures of between 0.9 and 1.8 degrees.
In fact, according to the 2020 report prepared by the State Meteorological Agency (Aemet), last year it was “one of the three warmest on a global scale on record.” Europe experienced its hottest year in 2020, as did Spain, which had not had such a warm year since 1961.
What are these deaths attributed to?
In this sense, global warming is associated with an increase in strange weather phenomena, such as heat waves, intense droughts or torrential rains. During the summer months, that is, in June, July and August, episodes of heat with higher temperatures than normal usually occur in Spain that generate health complications and even deaths.
According to the analyzes carried out by the researchers Julio Díaz and Cristina Linares, from the Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics of the Carlos III Health Institute, about 1,300 deaths occur annually as a consequence of heat waves nationwide.
“It must be taken into account that these deaths include, not only those produced due to heat stroke, which are the minority, but also those attributed to exacerbation of previous illnesses aggravated by the effects of high temperatures, mainly cardiorespiratory and neurological diseases “, explains the researcher Julio Díaz to the specialized portal Eltiempo.es.
According to MOMOCalor Report of the ‘Estimates of mortality attributable to excess temperatures in Spain’, during the summer of 2020 “26% of the total excess mortality identified by MOMOCalor are related to this increase in temperatures. Thus, 1,875 deaths have been estimated from June 1 to September 15 in 2020.
In the previous summer, these hot episodes were frequent and two moments stood out above: the first occurred between July 25 and August 2, and the second between August 6 and 10, cataloged as heat waves.