The 5 key factors that cause dark circles, according to Dr. Ruiz: beyond sleep

One of the things that we fear most about our image is the appearance of dark circles and bags because we think they have no remedy and because, deep down, they show that we are tired and even older. However, lack of sleep is not solely responsible for its appearance.

In an interview, the doctor in Medicine and Surgery and oncological and aesthetic dermatologist, Dr. Ricardo Ruiz Rodríguez states that there are several factors that can favor the appearance of dark circles and there is not only sleep, as we all think.

Thus, and to improve them, the regular speaker of the American Academy of Dermatology points to the following six best recommendations:

1.Avoid alcohol. Alcohol often causes dark circles and fluid retention on the eyelids. Also, avoiding alcohol produces immediate weight loss.

2.Avoid rubbing your eyelids. The rubbing produces thickening of the skin and pigmentation of this delicate skin.

3.Moisturize the skin daily. Moisturizing the area improves the appearance of the skin and reduces itching. The contours that contain vitamin K, caffeine, tea extracts and retinol are interesting, due to studies that support it.

4. Sleep the necessary hours. Lack of sleep is one of the most common causes of dark circles.

5. Wear sunglasses and protection creams in the area. The sun pigments the area of ​​the dark circles.

6. If you have a loss of volume, that is, if the area around the eyes is sunken, try injecting yourself a little hyaluronic acid in the zone. Be very careful with injecting too much since hyaluronic acid attracts water and we can make the bags worse.

Asked if the bags and dark circles are the same, the dermatologist points out that the bag is “the formation of small bumps under the lower eyelids”, and that they occur because the fat under the eye is herniated, that is, it passes from inside the orbit to outside it, producing a bulge in the area. “So when the surgeon operates bags, what he actually does is reposition that fat and place it where it should be, “adds Dr. Ruiz.

Are dark circles inherited?

On the occasion of the publication of What your skin says about you (The Sphere of Books), the director of the Skin Dermatology Clinic assures another factor that predisposes to the appearance dark circles are genetics.

“Yes they are inherited, there are families that tend to have dark circles. But it must be made clear that when we speak of ‘dark circles’ we mean two things: the dark pigmentation under the eyes and the subsidence of the lower palpation area or tear canal “.

Of course, according to what the dermatologist distinguishes, bags and dark circles have different treatments: “We treat pigmentation with depigmenting creams and eye contours that lighten that dark skin. And the sinking we treat it with injections of hyaluronic acid that illuminate the area by making it regain lost volume “.

In this sense, the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV) recalls that the skin around the eyes is much thinner, and therefore more sensitive than the rest of the face, so it also requires careful special diary.

“To this we must add that we are talking about areas in which the presence of collagen is also lower. The skin around the eye contour, in addition, it is easily distended because it is in continuous movement of blinking “, adds the scientific entity, while specifying that it is always necessary to be advised by a dermatologist before using any type of product or treatment in the area.

On the other hand, the AEDV mentions these factors that would also influence the appearance of dark circles and bags:

Renal disease: In some situations, the presence of bags under the eyes can be a sign of kidney problems.

Hypothyroidism: slow thyroid can cause eye bags and affects 2% of the population.

Inadequate diet: excess salt, processed foods and insufficient water intake.

Toxins: trying to detoxify the body will always be a good option.

“Whatever the cause of the presence of bags and dark circles, it is important to emphasize that it can be corrected in the hands of the appropriate specialist. The dermatologist will be the one who will diagnose the cause of its appearance and will refer the most appropriate treatment,” insists the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.


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