Symptoms of prostate cancer: causes and treatment of the disease

The prostate cancer constitutes the second cause of death by cancer in men, increasing its incidence with age. More than 75% of cases are diagnosed in those over 65 years of age and approximately are 1,276,106 new cases per year worldwide. according to Spanish Association Against Cancer (AECC).

What is prostate cancer?

It is a disease where malignant cancer cells They are formed in the tissues of the prostate. This gland, which is part of the male urinary and reproductive system, is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum, surrounding the urethra whose main function is to produce seminal fluid. Its size is similar to that of a chestnut and it tends to grow with age.

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Its growth is slow and is limited to prostate gland, where it may not cause serious damage. However, some types of prostate cancer can be aggressive and can spread quickly.

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

prostate cancer
Prostate cancer increasing its incidence with age. GTRESONLINE

The symptoms of prostate cancer can vary and be different for each person. Some are even asymptomatic, having no symptoms. Among the most frequent symptoms, they usually appear:

  • Difficulty starting to urinate.
  • Frequent urination, frequently at night.
  • Pain or burning when urinating.
  • Persistent pain in the back, hips, or pelvis.
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder completely.
  • Difficulty starting to urinate.
  • Appearance of blood in urine or semen.
  • Pain when ejaculating.

Prostate Cancer Treatment

A priori they will be carried out screening tests to prevent prostate cancer But depending on the stage of the cancer, the treatment will vary.

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In diagnoses in which some men have no symptoms of prostate cancer and are in advanced age, it is recommended active surveillance and observation. Regarding the options for treating prostate cancer are:

  • Surgery to remove the prostate.
  • External beam radiation therapy (EBT) where the radiation beam is directed at the tumor site to kill cancer cells.
  • Active monitoring: doctor-scheduled check-ups and routine PSA exams.
  • Brachytherapy: placement of radioactive material into the prostate.


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