Repatriation to Russia: who can move and how?

A bill on the repatriation or return of compatriots to Russia has been submitted to the State Duma. What documents are required to move to Russia – in our material

According to the text of the draft law, those who move to their historical homeland will be able to become full-fledged Russian citizens in a year. Sputnik found out who will have the opportunity to obtain Russian citizenship under a simplified scheme and what needs to be done for this.

Who can repatriate

Compatriots are persons and their descendants living outside of Russia and belonging to the peoples who historically live in the territory of the Russian Federation:

  • Russians, Ukrainians and Belarusians
  • peoples with national administrative-territorial entities in Russia (Tatars, Chechens, Yakuts, etc.)
  • indigenous minorities (according to the Unified List of Indigenous Minorities of the Russian Federation)
  • representatives of other peoples historically living in the territory of the Russian Federation that do not have their own national states or national-state formations outside the Russian Federation

All these categories of citizens can obtain the right to repatriation if they speak Russian.

The repatriation application can include a spouse, minor children and disabled family members over whom custody has been established.

What documents are required

The documents for repatriation are submitted in person at the territorial divisions of the Main Directorate of Internal Affairs of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia or at the embassies or consulates of the Russian Federation abroad. The repatriation procedure involves the simultaneous filing of an application for a residence permit in Russia.

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When accepting an application, an employee of a specific organization locally determines the applicant’s level of Russian language proficiency.

In addition, it is necessary to confirm the absence of dangerous infectious diseases and a source of income that will allow you to support yourself and your family members within the subsistence level in Russia.

The term for consideration of an application filed in Russia is no more than four months, abroad – no more than six months. During the same period, an application for a residence permit is considered.

If the application is submitted by a compatriot who is already in Russia, then the period of stay of him and his family members in the Russian Federation is extended until a decision is made on the application.

Why can you get a rejection?

Refusal to repatriate may be forged documents or false information.

In addition, a residence permit will not be given to people who have committed a grave or especially grave crime, terrorists or extremists.

Information about the refusal will be entered into the unified federal repatriation base. Such persons have the right to reapply for repatriation, but only after three years.

Where can you move

A compatriot can independently enter any Russian region of his choice.

You can also choose a subject that participates in the state program for the resettlement of compatriots. It involves various support measures, including financial ones. The program includes over 70 regions. But in some of them there are internal territorial restrictions on resettlement.

How to become a citizen

After nine months of living in Russia with a residence permit, the repatriates receive an application for admission to Russian citizenship, which is considered for three months. Thus, a compatriot who has the right to repatriation can permanently reside in Russia, and in a year will become a citizen of the country.

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The spouses included in the decision on repatriation receive the right to acquire citizenship if they have been married for more than three years or if they have common children.

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