World.- In the ephemeris of this June 11 Several important events that marked the history of humanity stand out, for example: in 1580 Juan de Garay, together with some officials and 60 volunteers, founded the city of Trinidad, today Buenos Aires, which is actually the second foundation of the Argentine capital. , since in 1535 Pedro de Mendoza had created it, but later it was destroyed by the Indians.
On the same date, but in 2009, the WHO raises the alert for influenza A (H1N1) to the level of a pandemic. Meanwhile, the government of Mexico declared an epidemic of this virus and forced 20 million students of basic and preschool education to suspend classes for 15 days.
What are the ephemeris of June 11?
1509.- The marriage between Henry VIII of England and Catherine of Aragon is celebrated in Greenwich, England.
1823.- The Cortes declare Fernando VII incapable of reigning and a regency made up of three people is constituted.
1826.- The “Combat of Los Pozos” is fought between Argentine ships under the command of Guillermo Brown against the squadron of the Brazilian empire, which was blocking the port of Buenos Aires and which he put to flight.
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1873.- Francisco Pi y Margall succeeds Estanislao Figueras as president of the First Spanish Republic.
1903.- King Alexander I of Serbia and his wife die in an attack.
1913.- The Norwegian Parliament unanimously approved universal suffrage, which granted the right to vote to all women.
1933.- The Spanish aviators Mariano Barberán and Joaquín Collar, with the plane “Cuatro Vientos”, arrive in Camagüey (Cuba) from Seville, a journey in which they invested 39 hours and 55 minutes, a world record for nonstop flight over the sea.
1955.- A car runs off the track at the French circuit of Le Mans, killing 85 spectators and injuring another 200.
1963.- A bonze (monk) of the Buddhist sect immolates himself in Saigon as a protest against the religious policy of the Government of Ngo Dihn Diem. Since then the expression “burning like a bonzo” has been used for this way of killing oneself.
1978.– Swedish tennis player Bjorn Borg wins Roland Garros for the third time.
1981.- More than 3,000 people lose their lives in Iran due to an earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale.
1989.- American tennis player Michael Chang wins Roland Garros by defeating Swede Stefan Edberg in the final and becomes, at 17, the youngest player to win a Grand Slam tournament (until 2019).
2000.- Brazilian tennis player Gustavo Kuerten wins Roland Garros for the second time.
2001.- The terrorist Timothy McVeigh is executed for the blowing up of the Alfred Murrah building, in Oaklahoma City, where 168 people died in 1995.
2003.- 16 people die in a Hamas suicide attack on a bus in the center of Jerusalem.
2009.- The WHO raises the alert for influenza A to the level of a pandemic.
2009.- In Mexico, the influenza A epidemic, which forced 20 million elementary and preschool students to suspend classes for 15 days, leaves 6,294 infected and 109 dead.
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2012.– A hundred people lose their lives in the village of Valgan, Afghanistan, buried after an avalanche of mud and rocks caused by two earthquakes of 5.7 and 5.4 degrees.
2014.- The Spanish Congress approves the law of abdication of the King.
2015.- Venezuelan opponent Daniel Ceballos ends the hunger strike that began 20 days earlier in the prison where he is being held, to demand the release of imprisoned political opponents.
2015.- King Felipe VI withdraws from his sister Cristina the title of Duchess of Palma de Mallorca.
2018.- The Spanish Government offers to welcome the 629 immigrants from the Aquarius ship, rejected by Italy and Malta.
2019.- The Government of Daniel Ortega, in Nicaragua, frees fifty “political prisoners”, among them the leaders of the 2018 citizen protests against the reforms of the Executive.
2020.- US President Donald Trump approves sanctions against officials of the International Criminal Court for investigating US troops.
Who was born on June 11?
1787.- Manuel Dorrego, Argentine military and politician, a leading figure in the independence of Hispanic America.
1838.- Mariano Fortuny, Spanish painter.
1847.- Millicent Fawcet, English feminist and suffragette.
1864.- Richard Georg Strauss, German composer and conductor.
1879.- Rudolf Pulitzer, American journalist and editor, creator, together with his brother Joseph, of the awards that bear his name.
1880.- Jeannette Rankin, activist and first woman in the US House of Representatives.
1910.- Jacques-Yves Cousteau, oceanographic researcher, commander of the French Navy and French ecologist.
1928.- Salvador Garmendia, Venezuelan writer.
1933.- Gene Wilder (Jerome Silbermann), American actor and film director.
1939.- Jackie Stewart, former British Formula 1 driver.
1959.- Hugh Laurie, British actor.
1968.- Alois of Liechtenstein, Crown Prince.
1969.- Peter Dinklage, American actor.
Who died on June 11?
1979.- John Wayne, American film actor.
1984.- Enrico Berlinguer, historical leader of the Italian Communist Party.
1992.- Rafael Orozco, Colombian singer.
2005.- Vasco Gonsalves, former Portuguese Prime Minister after the Carnation Revolution.
2007.- Edda de los Ríos, Paraguayan actress and writer.
2015.- Ornette Coleman, American saxophonist and composer.
2016.- Rudi Altig, German cyclist.
2019.- Martin Feldstein, American economist.
2020.- Dennis Joseph O’Neil, American comic scriptwriter.
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