The last time the country participated in the body was in 2011, still under the administration of Dilma Rousseff
Brazil can be elected this Friday, 11, as a rotating member of the UN Security Council for the 11th time. The country is the only candidate of the group that encompasses Latin America and the Caribbean. The election will only be possible thanks to a negotiation made in the government Michel Temer, since the natural candidate would now be Honduras. According to political scientist Guilherme Casarões, while Ernesto Araújo was Minister of Foreign Affairs, Brazil was refractory to participation in multilateral bodies, such as the World Health Organization (WHO). However, with the change in Itamaraty, now under the command of Carlos França, this objective regains weight. “This in the current context reflects an important inflection in the president’s foreign policy Jair Bolsonaro. While Ernesto Araújo was chancellor, Brazil avoided participating in multilateral meetings, and even fought multilateralism, including in the field of international security. But now, under the command of Carlos França, apparently, this objective is once again playing an important role in Brazilian foreign policy”, he explains.
Also according to Casarões, return to security advice, at this moment, means taking a step towards an old desire in Brazil, which is to become a permanent member of the body. Furthermore, the seat on the council also appeals to the military, as it represents involvement in international security. Brazil, India, Germany and Japan are leading a movement to reform the Security Council to include new fixed members, without veto power. Despite pressure from these countries, this review is not expected to take place. In an interview with UN News in March 2020, Ambassador Ronaldo Costa Filho, permanent representative of Brazil to the HIM-HER-IT, argued that the Council should reflect the reality of the current world.
“In our view, for the participation of States in the United Nations to be fair or representative, the body must also be a little more balanced in terms of the representation of Member States”, he said. The Security Council is composed of five permanent members with veto rights: the United States, China, Russia, United Kingdom and France, and ten rotating members, elected for terms of two years each. The last time Brazil participated in the body was in 2011, still in the management of Dilma Rousseff. If elected, the country will take over in 2022 for a two-year term.
*With information from reporter Caterina Achutti