You are currently viewing The European Parliament condemns Morocco’s actions for using migration as a political weapon

Approves by a clear majority a resolution censuring Rabat for the crisis in Ceuta and putting minors in danger and urges not to “undermine strategic relations” with the EU

The King of Morocco, Mohamed VI.Carlos lvarezWORLD

The plenary session of the European Parliament has approved this noon a resolution condemning Morocco’s actions in the Ceuta crisis by pushing thousands of people to try to cross into our country irregularly. MEPs have approved with 397 votes in favor, 196 abstentions and only 85 votes against a text agreed the day before by the large groups in the chamber and to which some additional amendments have been introduced today.

The document criticizes and condemns the “blackmail” and pressure from the Government of Mohamed VI, and especially the use of minors without families and vulnerable people as part of a political move. Last month all the community institutions have spoken unanimously and forcefully, and this time the deputies wanted to make an additional record of their position.

The resolution has no legal consequences, it is simply a way of fixing a political position, but it may be a precedent for future relations between the Union and the Alawite kingdom. The last time there was a resolution on Morocco was in the late 1990s, almost a quarter of a century ago, and in Rabat they were more than comfortable with that scenario.

The European Parliament is particularly sensitive to the migration issue and human rights, and the pressure from Rabat to Madrid by the presence of the Saharawi leader in a hospital in Logroo could pass some bill to Mohamed VI. He, consciously, has mobilized all his resources abroad to try to stop the resolution or at least the number of votes against it. Moroccan ambassadors in countries across the EU have personally phoned individual MEPs or relevant figures within each political group to try to mitigate the language of the text or even convince them not to vote in favor, but with little success. Ensuring that the issue is only between Spain and them and threatening possible consequences for relations with the Union of a resolution like this one. “Spain’s attempts to involve the European Parliament in a bilateral conflict, taking advantage of the migration issue, run the risk of compromising not only our long tradition of cooperation but also our common commitments and the mutually beneficial cooperation of Morocco with European countries. and with Parliament “, reads a letter sent to the deputies this week.

The agreed text “regrets, in particular, the participation of children, unaccompanied minors and families in the massive crossing of the border from Morocco to the Spanish city of Ceuta, clearly putting their lives and safety at risk.” An unacceptable act “as political pressure against an EU Member State”.

The position on this question in the Eurocmara it is not unanimous, nor among all political families or nationalities. Spain itself wanted to lower the tone with its neighbor for weeks and avoided taking the issue to the European council, having a golden opportunity. The resolution is born from a movement of the Spanish Jordi Caas, from Ciudadanos, that as soon as he saw what was happening in Ceuta, he looked for a way to bring the issue to the plenary session seeking a condemnation, something more serious than a few tweets and statements of solidarity, concern and consternation. The language has been fought, negotiated and studied word for word, so that the message was indisputable, but not as aggressive as the most emphatic wanted. The 196 abstentions show the doubts.

Larger groups, with Popular, Socialists Y LiberalsThey want the agreed sentence, but also try to rebuild the situation as soon as possible. They believe that the voice of the chamber and of Brussels has been heard, but they understand that the migratory situation (in addition to security issues, the fight against terrorism or smuggling) is very delicate and that they get along well with the countries of the world. Mediterranean is fundamental and that is why they call “not to undermine the strategic, multidimensional and privileged neighborhood relationships between the Kingdom of Morocco and the Unin Europea and its Member States. “Likewise, the text, giving lime and sand, appreciates that Rabat accepted at the beginning of this month the repatriation of identified minors (although a significant number are still in Ceuta).

Others, like the United Left or Vox in Spain, are much more belligerent and demand clear sanctions against Morocco, due to the crisis in Ceuta or the situation in the Shara in general. And from Rabat they have responded, furiously, accusing Spain of trying to “Europeanize a bilateral problem.”

The resolution, however, insists that “the inviolability of the national borders of the EU Member States and the full and non-negotiable respect of the territorial integrity of the EU Member States” is sacred and warns against “tolerate the undermining of the territorial sovereignty of the Member States”. And the European Commissioner present in the debate this morning has reiterated this: the Spanish borders are the European borders and solidarity is total.

Ultimately, the resolution goes beyond the Ceuta incident and addresses the true underlying issue, what most concerns Rabat and where it may have been able to make an error in judgment. With his challenge to Moncloa He was able to check the reaction to a unilateral opening of borders and the massive arrival of people, and he gathered valuable information. But at the same time he has not gotten any kind of endorsement or support for his position on the Shara. Unlike USA, which last year modified its position on the area as part of a broader negotiation affecting the peace process in middle East and the recognition of Israel, the European Union continues to link its position to the resolutions of the HIM-HER-IT.

MEPs say that blackmail and migratory pressure will not work and maintain that the position on Shara “is based on full respect for international law in accordance with the resolutions of the Security Council of the UN and the political process led by the UN to achieve a negotiated solution just, lasting, peaceful and mutually acceptable to both parties. “And it will not change.


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