Just when we are gaining momentum to return to pre-pandemic life, today we have known an outbreak with 20 infections in a residence in Madrid. Of them, seven have required admission to hospital. And we wonder the same thing that the ten million people who already have the complete vaccination schedule are wondering. What clinical picture do you face if you get COVID, even when vaccinated? To respond to this, José Antonio Pérez Molina, the doctor from the Infectious Diseases Service of the Ramón y Cajal Hospital, answers us at Hour 25 with Pepa Bueno.
What is the picture of an infected person, but vaccinated?
Generally, if it is contagious, it is milder. What vaccination does is avoid in some cases 100% serious cases, hospitalization and death. It does not prevent us from being reinfected. What happens is that the viral load is much lower and even asymptomatic. They are very old people, in whom vaccination has also been less effective because as they age, so do their immune systems.
But that we are asymptomatic makes us a time bomb to be able to infect those who are not vaccinated, right?
This was noticed from the beginning. The vaccine is effective in preventing the disease. But it is not 100% effective in preventing transmission, which is why sanitary measures are still recommended. The aim of the vaccine is to prevent severe cases and mortality. We can transmit, although much less. The precautions that are recommended for the general population should be followed, although later there will be specific ones when all people are vaccinated. But in order to behave as people and move, we must follow what the communities and the Government decree.
Of the twenty infected, seven have ended up in the hospital, it also seemed that they had greater immunodeficiency, but is it also related to a complication in the infection?
If we calculate what that outbreak could have been before they were vaccinated, the admission or mortality rate could be 25%. But so far only a minority have entered and no one has died. We are also talking about a particularly fragile population and despite this, most have not required income. We have had cases, but they are very few cases and also mild.