The Government defined a set of 10 strategic objectives for the sea in the next decade, which includes the incentive to reindustrialization and productive capacity building, as well as the digitalization of the ocean, according to the national strategy for the sector, published this Friday.
Reindustrialization is a strategic investment that appears necessary and the economy of the sea should play a major role in this process, adopting new principles and business models, appealing to traditional and emerging sectors, attracting more investment and increasingly showing itself as a strategic asset for internationalization”, reads a resolution of the Council of Ministers, published this Friday in Diário da República, which approves the National Strategy for the Sea (ENM) 2021-2030.
In the document, the executive defended the clustering of the sea economy and territorial planning, “namely around commercial and fishing ports”, promoting research and development, pantenting, new investments and easier access to the sea.
Portugal is recognized as having a strong internal engineering capacity, in several areas with application in the industrial sectors of the maritime economy. It has, in particular, a proven track record in naval engineering and in the processing and fish industries”, pointed.
On the other hand, blue biotechnology, ocean engineering, space technologies, new forms of aquaculture, renewable energies and sectors linked to marine resources could represent “great opportunities”.
Additionally, the digitization of marine activities, another of the objectives defined in the strategy, may contribute to “maintaining and attracting citizens and the productive fabric to traditional and emerging activities in the marine environment”.
According to the document, the digitization and availability of data from the seabed and water column on the national open data portal of the Public Administration will allow “the inspection by society in the interests of health and well-being, productivity and economic innovation and ocean literacy”.
The executive wants, on the other hand, to guarantee security, sovereignty, cooperation and governance, demanding the strategy “a commitment to innovation and science” to increase the capacity for remote monitoring of the ocean and coastal areas, increase education, training and ocean literacy, stimulate scientific knowledge and technological development, promote health and well-being, facilitate access to clean water, and decarbonise the economy.
The strategy also points out as one of the strategic objectives for the next decade the commitment to sustainability and food security.
Portugal is one of the countries with the highest consumption of fish ‘per capita’ and imports around 75% of the products of marine origin that it consumes. The ability to feed ourselves sustainably and sustainably […] depends on the sustainable exploitation of living marine resources, on the growth of national aquaculture […] and other alternative forms of protein production such as biotechnology and laboratory cell differentiation of new marine cell lines, 3D printing and the search for new easily produced marine protein sources”, pointed.
Another of the goals to be achieved by 2030 is the promotion of employment and the circular and sustainable blue economy, the fight against climate change and pollution, as well as the protection of ecosystems.
The ENM 2021-2030 “has the purpose of enhancing the contribution of the sea to the country’s economy, the prosperity and well-being of all Portuguese, responding to the great challenges of the decade and strengthening Portugal’s position of visibility in the world as a nation eminently maritime”.
According to the diploma, this strategy is faced with a “challenging situation” and seeks to contribute to “Portugal’s credibility in the international community”.
The proposal of ENM 2021-2030 was in public discussion between September 28 and November 16, 2020.