Queen Letizia has chaired this June 2 the meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Foundation for Help against Drug Addiction (FAD), held at the Mutua headquarters in Madrid, and in which the consequences of the current crisis, caused by the Covid19 pandemic, is having adolescents and young.
Letizia has been accompanied by the president of Fad, Ignacio Bayón; the president of Mutua Madrileña, Ignacio Garralda; and by the rest of the employers. At the meeting, he joined the FAD Board of Trustees Pablo Isla, president of Inditex. They are also incorporated, replacing their predecessors, Paloma de Yarza (Henneo Group), Jose Manuel Pérez Tornero (RTVE) Y Marco Pompignoli (Editorial Unit The world).
“Since the second wave of this pandemic, a speech has been disseminated that has singled out young people as foolish, reckless and largely responsible for the spread of Covid, underlining the behaviors of some in leisure spaces as the general trend of the attitude of young people and adolescents to the social and health crisis. From Fad we rely on data to understand youth experiences in general and to delve into how these anomalous months have passed in particular, trying to avoid generalizations and opinions with little foundation, to have indicators that allow us to analyze what is happening and do it from the youth story, from their perceptions, evaluations and expectations, “Bayón said at the meeting.
“Because what is clear is that youth is being one of the hardest hit groups due to this crisis and they need everyone’s support to get ahead, “he added.
Spain, at the bottom of the EU in youth employment
From the employment point of view, the FAD recalls that Spain follows the tail of the EU in youth employment, along with Greece and Italy. The poor employment data, together with the precariousness rates, place one in three young people at risk of poverty and social exclusion (AROPE rate), with young women being the most vulnerable in this regard and widening the gender inequality gap .
Another series of characteristic features of youth employment make their employment situation very precarious, such as lower wages, higher rates of temporary employment and partiality, greater discontinuity and seasonal work, and a greater risk of overqualification. The temporary employment rate for the young population (15-29 years) is 52% in Spain, compared to 33% on average in the EU; and the involuntary partiality rate is 51%, compared to 25% on average in the EU, according to the latest data for 2020 collected by the FAD.
Distance education with few resources
Regarding education, he points out that the group has had to study remotely with few resources and a lot of improvisation: telematics education has been present among almost 90% of those who studied, impacting very unequally among students based on their material conditions and their ability and that of their families to move in a digital environment that allows them it may be alien.
Thus, Spain has had to face the closure of schools based on public spending on education that is among the lowest in Europe and levels of early school leaving that, on the contrary, are among the highest in its country. immediate environment, according to FAD. 16% of young Spaniards drop out of school prematurely, compared to an average of 10% in the EU, according to the latest 2020 data collected by the institution.
The pandemic has revealed technological gaps
Furthermore, it indicates that the pandemic has revealed technological gaps derived from the fact of connecting to the Internet only with the mobile, without having a personal computer and Wi-Fi connection at home, which makes it difficult to carry out online teaching, a reality that, according to the studies of the Reina Sofía Center on Adolescence and Youth of FAD, affects 20% of young people.
Along with this access gap, among the youth it is necessary to attend the usage gaps as the variety of usage forms and the use of the possibilities offered by ICT is much higher among young people from the upper and upper middle classes, among those between 25 and 29 years old, and among young people with higher education.
Health and emotional stability
Regarding health and emotional stability, after confinement, in the month of July 2020, an increase in negative sensations has been observed, highlighting uncertainty (28.9%, and 1.7 points more than in March), anxiety (22.6%, and 10.5 points of growth in a few months) and discouragement (19.5% , 9.6 points more).
Within the couple, the experiences of violence or harassment in the partner, that have worsened especially during the pandemic, have affected more than 3 out of 5 young people. Mainly, the situations of control of the activity (25.7%), the mobile phone (24.2%) and the people with whom young people are related (16.1%) have increased, according to the study ‘Gender, Experiences and Perceptions of Health’, carried out together with the Mutua Madrileña Foundation.
A recovery plan that takes youth into account
To address the socio-economic impact of the post-COVID crisis, the European Union (EU) agreed to the creation of the EU Next Generation Fund, known as the European Recovery Fund, to help transform the productive fabric by making it more sustainable, digital and resilient.
In this transformation, the FAD argues that young people have and will have a fundamental role since the future of Spain depends on having a prepared youth, aware of their transformative capacity, motivated to face the future and trained in digitization. In the opinion of the general director of FAD, Beatriz Martín Padura, “We cannot consider a recovery plan for the country without taking young people into account. Youth must be a priority focus.”
For this reason, the FAD has identified, with the support of the Boston Consulting Group, the most appropriate projects or lines of action to qualify for financing from the European Recovery Fund. One of the projects that are proposed as a candidate for this financing is ‘Educación Conectada’, a project by FAD and BBVA launched in the midst of the COVID crisis to promote the digital transformation of the education sector through training opportunities for teachers, families and students and the mentoring for schools to start a digital transformation plan.