The hepatic steatosis or fatty liver is a frequent condition among the population that may or may not be related to alcohol intake and that consists of “the abnormal accumulation of certain fats (triglycerides) inside liver cells“, they explain in MSD Manuals.
In this sense, if this accumulation is maintained, it can lead to an inflammation called steatohepatitis that causes more serious health complications. such as fibrosis or cirrhosis, damaging this organ and impairing its functions. Thus, two types must be distinguished: non-alcoholic fatty liver disease or alcoholic fatty liver disease.
A diet rich in vegetables, fruits, and whole grains
Some of the most common causes of the development of this disease without its origin being alcohol are the following: excess weight, high levels of triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood or insulin resistance (as with diabetes). Regarding the warning signs, it may not cause any discomfort in its initial stages and that if it does, the most frequent are pain in the lower abdominal part and fatigue, as detailed by Mayo Clinic specialists.
However, in more advanced cases that include other medical problems such as cirrhosis, the symptoms can be: abdominal swelling, enlarged spleen, red palms, jaundice, or yellowing of the skin and larger blood vessels.
But how should the treatment be? Are there home remedies? First of all, for non-alcoholic fatty liver cases, experts recommend losing weight to reduce fat and inflammation. Likewise, it is advisable to maintain a balanced diet based mainly on the consumption of vegetables, fruits, whole grains and nuts.
On the contrary, you have to avoid the intake of processed and ultra-processed products, alcohol, tobacco, coffee, pastries or fried foods. You also need to limit salt and sugar in meals and exercise regularly to burn fat and lose weight.
Medicinal plants that protect the liver
Some plants contain medicinal properties indicated for liver conditions, like fennel. Thus, the infusions of this plant are rich in antioxidants and anethole for the natural treatment of liver problems.
On the other hand, artichoke is another really effective plant for “the treatment of dysfunctions of the liver, gallbladder and bile ducts”, they explain in the Phytotherapy Research Center (INFITO). Therefore, it has a protective effect on the liver due to its powerful antioxidant and diuretic properties.