Disinformation rates on issues related to contraception and sexual health are worryingly high. This is the main conclusion drawn from a macrosound made public this Monday. The statement is based on data such as that half of the respondents go to friends or the Internet to answer questions or that 31.8% claim not to have received information on these issues.
The I Survey on Sexual Health of Women also shows that 52.7% have had intercourse without using any contraceptive method despite not wanting to become pregnant. The study, prepared by the HRA Pharma laboratory in collaboration with the 40dB demoscopic company, was carried out among 2,235 young people between 16 and 35 years old and presented at the Madrid Press Association (APM).
The survey raises a photograph in which only 43.1% of women had information before their first sexual relationship. Of those who answered that they had received sexual education, 46.6% considered that it was only scientific / biological and that it had not helped them to make informed decisions. Likewise, 38.4% believe that the sex education they were given at school or institute is useless or out of date and 34.9% state that they did not learn about periods or menstrual cycles.
Although there has been a progressive increase in the use of protection worldwide, the survey also indicates that almost half of young Spanish women –47.3% – do not use any hormonal contraceptive when you have sex. The percentage rises to 58.5% among girls between 16 and 19 years old.
“We continue with the same myths and problems of the 80s”
“We continue with the same myths and problems of the 80s. There is still bad information and that we continue to have 100,000 abortions a year in Spain is a public health problem“, warned Guillermo Sellers, medical director and Institutional Relations of HRA Pharma. The doctor has also emphasized that it is a responsibility of two,” of the girls and the boys.
Moderated by the journalist Mayte Antona, together with him have been in the presentation Inés Barata Correia, general director of the laboratory in Spain and Portugal, and Mercedes Fernández Cabello, director of 40dB Projects. They all have shown “overwhelmed” and “surprised” for the results of the survey and have appealed to the Administrations to promote sexual education.
Along these lines, Fernández Cabello has also urged to reflect on the role of parents in this area. “It is important to normalize these conversations. If you talk about it at home you can get less modesty about these issues, “he said.
The speakers have highlighted the hoaxes that misinformation generates and, being HRA Pharma the laboratory of ellaOne, in this field they have highlighted what happens especially with emergency contraceptives or the one known as morning after pill. A method about which only 8.6% have received information from medical, health or pharmaceutical personnel.
In this context, the study shows that 54.5% think that it can only be taken the day after unprotected sex. Almost six out of ten mistakenly believe that it can cause infertility if used many times. 56% do not know that it works by delaying ovulation. And nearly four out of ten still consider it to be abortifacient.
“We can all have an accident and we don’t have to feel guilty.”
“Accidents happen and we all make mistakes. Sex is not dirty and it is a personal matter. This method is less traumatic than having to go to an operating room to have an abortion, “commented Dr. Sellers about the existence of women who do not use these emergency contraceptives because they feel guilty and fear that they will be branded irresponsible.
“What is their fault? That the condom is broken? That one day they forgot to take the pill? We can all go through that and we do not have to feel guilty, “added Barata Correia, who has denied that there is an increase in the number of couples who use emergency contraception as a regular resource.” women take sex lives on average 1.2 times, “he added and opted to help them” access the information necessary to make informed and free decisions. “