Especially fashionable in recent years, succulents, also called succulents, are those that accumulate water in their tissues to adapt to hot and dry environments. Sister cousins of cacti, are used to the most arid ecosystems, since most are of African and American origin. And how do they capture that moisture? Many have hairs on the surface or waxed coatings on the leaves and stems. Although they are very resistant, they need some essential care. Of course, really simple, for what they are species suitable even for those with very little hand with gardening.
As we have already mentioned, succulents are capable of absorbing humidity from the environment and retaining it in their leaves, stems and roots, so their irrigation needs are quite small. Better to fall short than go too far. These would be the frequencies according to the season of the year:
– At the beginning of spring, when the cold is disappearing and the plants begin to sprout, it would be convenient to water them every 10 or 12 days.
– In the months of summer we can increase that frequency to every 4 or 8 days.
– On fall we will reduce that frequency back to every 8 or 10 days. In this way, the plant enters the winter rest phase.
– On winter they will not need almost water, being able to space the irrigation up to 20 or even 40 days. In fact, with temperatures below 10 degrees it would be better not to water them to prevent them from rotting. It is convenient to do deep watering that reaches the roots (that yes, eliminating the excess water from the dish and letting it drain) and allowing the soil to dry between watering and watering.
Neither cold nor hot
During the winter it is important that the succulents are not temperatures above 20 degrees, since this would prevent their winter rest, something essential for these plants. But it is also not advisable that the temperature is below 7 degrees and, above all, cold cannot coexist with humidity since the plant could die.
The importance of light
Succulents they need a lot of light but this does not mean that we have to expose them to direct sun (especially in summer). In order to maintain proper hydration, they need to keep their water reserves well and exposing them directly to the sun dehydrates them. A trick: if the leaves turn reddish it is a sign that they are burning, if they pale that they need more light.
Although they are all-terrain plants that can survive in very arid soils, they will grow stronger if they have well-fertilized soil. If they are grown in pots, a fertilizer can be applied two or three times during the spring / summer months using a liquid fertilizer and if they are in the garden, a natural fertilizer can be chosen. In the market there are special substrates and also fertilizers specially formulated for cacti that are also a good option for succulent plants.
What are the most popular succulents?
There are many types of succulents, but these are some of the most popular:
– Sanseviera: It is popularly known as ‘mother-in-law’s tongue’, ‘tiger’s tongue’ or ‘sword of Saint George’. Characteristic for its flat, padded leaves in the shape of a tongue, it is a very strong and resistant houseplant. It requires good lighting to grow and temperatures around 16 and 21 degrees.
– Echeveria: Native to the warm areas of the United States and Mexico, its leaves are flat and fleshy and arranged in a rosette shape. They are characterized by the fact that they grow directly from the ground. There are about 400 different species of this variety and it can be located both indoors and outdoors (always with good direct light).
– Evergreens: Defined as the eternal succulent plant because it is given to generate suckers from which new plants emerge. It is characterized by its fleshy petals arranged around a rosette that are superimposed so that the new leaves are positioned on the older ones. Like their companions they need to be in a bright area and moderate watering.
– Donkey glue: Originally from Mexico and characteristic for its greenish-blue color, it can become a pendant. It is really striking and has a spectacular growth. It grows just as well indoors as outdoors. It likes bright environments but it is better to place it where it is protected from the sun.
– Jade Tree: Very characteristic for its tree shape, it is one of the most appreciated succulents for its beauty. It is a very special plant due to its tubular leaves that change color depending on the season, with the possibility of turning bright green or dark green with reddish tips. When it blooms from spring to fall, its flowers are small, star-shaped, white or pink. It is a slow-growing plant, but over the years it can grow to more than 50 cm.
– Aloe vera: one of the most popular succulents. It comes from northwestern Africa and it is common to find them in the Canary Islands. Its leaves are fleshy and elongated, green in color and although there are several types, they all have serrated margins. It needs a lot of light and cannot stand excess humidity. Some species can reach 4 or 5 meters, although their growth rate is slow. In addition, it is a plant that offers numerous benefits with which a large number of products can be manufactured, these properties can be found inside its stalks, so you have to cut the leaf, open it and extract the aloe juice. .