No earthquake in union representativeness: with 26.77% (+ 0.38 point) of the votes cast during the last cycle of professional elections, the CFDT indeed consolidates its position as the first union organization, which was delighted in 2017 at the CGT to the 14 million employees of the private sector.

With 22.96%, the latter even shows a net decline (- 1.89 points), paying in particular the fact of not being present in many companies, while the CFDT not only benefits from a wider presence, but also because of its presence in more colleges (workers, employees and executives). Force Ouvrière, for its part, consolidated its third place (15.24%, – 0.36%).

Since the reform of union representativeness in 2008, the union audience has in fact been calculated by adding the results obtained during the elections in the social and economic committees (CSE), in the chambers of agriculture and during the professional elections of the very small businesses. “It is the entry point for social dialogue and collective bargaining, recalls Jean-Denis Combrexelle, president of the High Council for Social Dialogue. This measurement of their audience allows unions to establish their legitimacy. “

Only unions having obtained more than 8% of the vote can in fact claim national representativeness, allowing them to appoint labor tribunal advisers, to receive subsidies but, above all, to sign national inter-professional agreements (ANI), as again. recently on telework or occupational health. These ANIs are acquired only if they are signed by unions with an audience greater than 50%.

By putting the CFDT in the lead, and with a CFTC which retains its representativeness (9.5%, + 0.02 point), these elections therefore consolidate the “reformist bloc”, which, to pass the 50% bar, will nevertheless have to obtain the support of either FO or CFE-CGC. With 11.92%, the union of executives also recorded good progress (+ 1.23 points), a sign that its tougher strategy of not always appearing alongside the reformists has paid off.

It should also be noted that Unsa, with 5.99%, does not yet manage to achieve representativeness in the private sector this time around. More established in the public sector, the other reformist union nevertheless appears as the fifth organization in all sectors and could weigh in certain branches whose union representativeness will be known in the fall. Because, except Unsa, all organizations are declining in number of votes, participation (38.24%) having been lower than in 2017, only a little more than 5 million employees having expressed themselves. The Directorate-General for Labor notes, however, that this is only an average.

Thus, the turnout for the elections in the VSEs had barely exceeded 5%, while the elections in the CSE show a participation of 57%, down however 6 points compared to 2017. A decline to which the Ministry of Labor does not give an explanation, while refusing to blame the only health crisis.


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