According to the criteria of
The National Office of Electoral Processes (ONPE) culminated in counting the minutes of the 2021 congressional elections. 10 the matches who managed to pass the electoral fence and the sum of their votes represents only 41.77% of the more than 25 million voters. In other words, they do not represent even half of the electorate, something that can be observed in this electoral map of the results at the provincial level.
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|Political party that passed the electoral fence||Percentage of votes with respect to the able electorate|
|Alliance for Progress||3.83%|
|Together for Peru||3.35%|
|We are peru||3.12%|
|We can Peru||2.97%|
The period 2021-2026 it will be the second least representative in at least the last 20 years. It is only surpassed by 2020-2021, where the nine parties that passed the fence represented 40.98% of eligible voters. Although it should be taken into account that said electoral process was extraordinary after the dissolution of Congress in 2019, and had a very short electoral campaign period.
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If we review the electoral map by provinces, we can also observe the low representation of the parties. In 46% of the 196 provinces, white or null votes outnumbered the contending political parties.
The white and flawed votes were imposed mainly in the north and east of the country, as can be seen in the following map.
Among the areas where the parties did achieve a greater presence, we have Peru Libre, the group of presidential candidate Pedro Castillo, prevailed in 40% of the provinces. Its bench will have 37 members, and it will be the largest group in the period 2021-2026.
Popular Force, the party led by Keiko Fujimori and also competing in this second round, only won in 5% of the provinces, as did Alianza para el Progreso, César Acuña’s group.
Despite having won in the same number of provinces, the Fujimori will have a bench of 24 members and APP a group of 15 members. What accounts for this difference? This responds to the proportional level of able voters of the won provinces and the distribution figure system of our electoral system.
If we look at the global count, the white and flawed votes outnumber the two main parties, with respect to the able electorate that amounts to more than 25 million.
|Ranking general||Votes||Representation with respect to the able electorate|
The white or null vote in Lima
If we put the magnifying glass at the district level, we can also see that the white or null vote was imposed in important districts, as can be seen in the following map of Lima.
In a anterior report Regarding the low level of representation in this electoral process, the political scientists José Incio and Omar Awapara had explained the risk scenarios that make up the high level of political disaffection.
Incio said that disaffection also responds to the bad political offer, where the elector find a strong incentive not to attend or vitiate your vote. “This is risky because you see governments with almost no legitimacy opting for undemocratic positions”, indicates.
For Incio, this problem is also observed in Congress, where functions of other institutions are being co-opted, such as removing authorities before the judicial system declares them guilty. “This makes the action look like revenge rather than an act of justice”, manifests.
Awapara pointed out that, in the face of disaffection with the political system, citizens end up taking refuge in personalities rather than in party groups. “In this scenario, it is easy to build a narrative like the one we saw in the nineties or the one we saw now with Martín Vizcarra. With an opposition they can survive but not live in peace, so they prefer to antagonize and close the Congress “, he warned.
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