The Civil Association Law, Environment and Natural Resources (DAR) identified deficiencies in terms of proposals on the protection of the environment Y sustainable development during the debate last Sunday of technical teams with a view to the second electoral round. For this reason, it drew up an agenda of key points for a sustainable economic reactivation consistent with the protection of life and health, which the next government should take into account.
Reactivation with health
According to DAR, a pending and essential issue is the strengthening of the National Environmental Impact Assessment System (SEIA), with the incorporation of the prior binding technical opinion of the Health sector to the Impact Studies (EIA). This would allow the mandatory inclusion of measures to combat the health impacts that, for example, extractive and infrastructure projects may bring, guaranteeing health in the context of the pandemic, especially in vulnerable areas such as the Peruvian Amazon.
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Along these lines, he pointed out that it is also urgent to have effective and supervised health protocols for citizen participation mechanisms, given in the framework of investment projects for reactivation.
Reactivation with sustainable infrastructure
Regarding infrastructure and connectivity in the Amazon, DAR indicated that it is necessary to organize and improve transportation in rivers through a sustainable river transport system and under an intercultural perspective, avoiding projects with technical gaps and design flaws. Key to this is the modernization of the fleets, the installation of local piers to energize and benefit those who live on the banks.
“Ordering the existing river transport would reduce impacts and avoid the serious consequences of the roads in the Amazon, such as those that the Pucallpa-Cruzeiro Do Sul highway could bring, promoted this Friday by Congress through the approval of the PL Nº 6486/2020-CR, despite the fact that the road would cross, on the Brazilian side, the Serra do Divisor National Park, declared a Natural World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2017; and on the Peruvian side, it could generate socio-environmental risks to the proposal of ÁCR Alto Tamaya – Abujao and the Isconahua Indigenous Reserve”Commented Vanessa Cueto, vice president of DAR.
Reactivation with environmental protection
Another agenda item is the strengthening of environmental protection measures in the regulation of hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation activities, whose proposal for a new Regulation (RM N ° 430-2020-MINEM / DM) leaves the door open to exploration and exploitation. of oil even in protected natural areas classified as intangible, such as Manu or Bahuaja Sonene, through directional or directed drilling activities.
Reactivation with prior consultation, participation and environmental monitoring
Another point that the new Government should prioritize, according to DAR, is to respond to the request of indigenous organizations to promote prior consultation of the Environmental Impact Studies of investment projects, as has been proposed with PL No. 3843 / 2018- CR, which modifies the SEIA to incorporate prior consultation before environmental certification, thus complying with the standards on prior consultation recognized in AP Judgment 29126-2018.
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To discuss this agenda, this Tuesday, May 25, at 5pm, the Electoral Proposals Webinar will be held under the perspective of sustainability. Analysis of the main electoral proposals on economic reactivation in extractives and investment in infrastructure, organized by various members of the Platform for a Sustainable Reactivation (PLARS), such as CooperAcción, Grupo Propuesta Ciudadana, the DAR Civil Association and NRGI; in coordination with the indigenous organization AIDESEP, the Regional Coalition for Transparency and Participation, and the Regional Group on Financing and Infrastructure (GREFI).
The webinar will feature an analysis panel made up of Ernesto Ráez Luna, Executive Director of the Instituto del Bien Común (IBC); Roxana Barrantes, professor at the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP); Iván Lanegra, Secretary General of the Transparency Civil Association; Liliana Miranda, Executive Director of the Cities for Life Forum and Nelly Luna, General Editor of OjoPublico, as moderator, among other specialists.