The blocking of production activities had a direct effect on the reduction of the victims of Covid-19 in Italy. This is indicated by the data of a new study published in the scientific journal on Plos One, in which the impact of the closure of non-essential activities introduced in our country by the Decree of 25 March 2020.

In Italy 9,500 lives saved in one month

The analysis, conducted by a research team from the Erasmus University of Rotterdam, in the Netherlands, highlights how the containment policy adopted in the first lockdown in Italy had significant repercussions on mortality, saving about 9,500 lives in less than a month. “Our results – indicate the authors of the study – suggest that business closures are effective in containing the spread of the virus and ultimately saving lives”.

The effects of closures were most evident in municipalities with multiple closed sectors, which experienced lower mortality rates. “With an average of closed assets of 17.6% – the researchers add – the first blockade reduced mortality by 15.64 per 100,000 inhabitants over a period of 24 days. Considering that the population in Italy is 60.36 million, this amounts to to 9,439 lives saved. With a benefit also in economic terms, since an estimate of the value of a year alive in Europe is 80 thousand euros. “Considering 12 years of residual average life of Covid victims – the scholars observe – we can calculate what the economic benefit of the policy is equal to 9 billion euros”.

The analysis also indicated that the closures have shown great effects not only in individual cities, but also in neighboring municipalities, suggesting the importance of coordinating blockade measures and centralizing containment policies. “The largest and most developed cities they also attract workers from other municipalities. We therefore expected that the closure of activities in the main urban centers could have positive effects also on other locations”.

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