San Juan is the province with the greatest diversification in vines

A statistical report updated by area to 2020 for the entire country, published by the National Institute of Viticulture (INV) by provinces and departments, reveals that San Juan is the province with the greatest diversification in terms of the aptitude of the cultivated varieties. 71.1% of the total corresponds to strains suitable for making wine and / or must and 28.8% grapes suitable for fresh consumption and / or raisins. The trend indicates that varieties suitable for processing are decreasing and those of other abilities are increasing. In this sense, the diversification carried out by producers, winemakers and passers-by, is accompanied by a policy of promotion of the Government of San Juan that in recent years directs the uses of raisins, fresh grapes, to better wines quality and turning the lower quality to the destination to concentrated grape juice. Today of every 100 kilos of grapes that San Juan produces, 48 ​​kilos go to wines, generating less wine stock and toning up prices.

THE NUMBERS

The report shows that there are some 31,960 hectares in San Juan for wine and musts production and 12,953 hectares of raisins and fresh grapes. The red and pink varieties predominate, accounting for 37.8% and 36.3% of the segment, respectively. The remaining 25.9% corresponds to white varieties. Red grapes have increased by 1.9% (+219 ha) since 2010, the pink ones have decreased by 2.9% (-350 ha) and the white ones have decreased by 18.5% (-1,879 ha) in the same period.

The variety most cultivated in San Juan is Cereza, which accounts for 24% of the total vine. They are followed in importance by Flame Seedless (10.2%), Malbec (6.5%) and Syrah (5.5%). The variety that has grown the most in surface area in recent years is Flame Seedless, increasing 4,072 ha since 2000.

After Flame Seedless, the varieties that grew the most in the 2000-2020 period are: Malbec (+1,823 ha), Fiesta (+1,128 ha) and the Aspirant Bouschet shark (+932 ha).

The varieties that decreased the most were: Moscatel de Alejandría (-2,708 ha), Cereza (-1,540 ha), Torrontés Sanjuanino (-1,183 ha) and Pedro Giménez (-931 ha).

The vine area of ​​San Juan registered as of December 31, 2020 reaches 44,923 hectares (20.9% of the total country) distributed in 4,881 vineyards. 49.3% of the vine area in San Juan is under 20 years old (22,142 ha). At the other extreme, there is 6.1% of the area older than 60 years (2,712 ha).

The average size of the vineyard in 1990 was 5.1 hectares, in 2000 it was 7.6 hectares, in 2010 it was 9 hectares and in 2020 it was 9.2 hectares. The area has remained at around 45 thousand hectares since 1990, but the number of small vineyards decreased and more new and large farms grew.

56.8% of the existing vineyards in the province are smaller than 5 ha and concentrate 14.9% of the cultivated vineyard area. They have mainly increased the properties from 10 to 15 ha.

The department of San Juan with the largest cultivated area is May 25 (19.7% of the total). They are followed in importance by Sarmiento (17.1%), Caucete (16.4%), San Martín (8.1%) and Pocito (8.1%).

IN THE COUNTRY

The most cultivated varieties in the country are: Malbec (21%), Cherry (12%), Bonarda (8%), Cabernet Sauvignon (7%) and Criolla Grande (6%). The variety that has increased its surface the most in the last 20 years is Malbec (+29,310 ha), going from 16,347 ha in 2000, to the current 45,657 ha.

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