The situation is complex if we consider that a hero or a heroine embodies the feeling of a class – or the discourse is distorted so that it embodies it. That is why the rewriting of history based on inquiries and evidence is transcendent that, even when they are perfectible because they are also clippings of the documentary reality, allow us to interpret with other lights events in the field of history of personalities that symbolize power, the truth , justice and libertarian action.
An interesting mirror is the one that is transferred between caudillos and religious figures. Even the sculptures account for this, which in many cases are responsible for generating devotional attitudes. Added to this is the narrative, which sometimes speaks of revolutionary processes as if it were speaking of spiritual salvation. This places these figures already frankly in an unquestionable monolithic context. Then it is understood that appealing to the deconstruction of a historical figure can mean heresy.
Each generation rewrites history. And in the current global context, it is time to question the historical narrative that does not reveal the links of interests between the leaders themselves and of these with the context in which they arise, because this questioning can even be done to contemporary leaders.
The creation of heroic figures, it is known, are used to establish or sustain regimes. I remember in childhood hearing the name of the so-called child heroes under the beat of the drums of the School Band, during civic events, and it was almost impossible not to cry when hearing each of their names. It was said with a strong voice and sounded throughout the patio: “Juan Escutia!” Someone responded with a voice of thunder: “He died for the country!” In this way, children are prepared to offer their own lives.
Later studies found that Juan Escutia was not a cadet and did not die when jumping wrapped in the Flag of Mexico. He was killed along with Fernando Montes de Oca and Francisco Márquez in his flight to the Botanical Garden. They weren’t children either. And the Flag of Mexico was stolen by the Americans. It was until the administration of José López Portillo that this insignia would be returned to our country.
However, the official version was supported -and continues to be-, by historians and by the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), a body that, without scientific or documentary studies, attributed six skulls found on the hill of Chapultepec, to the “Children heroes”. This narrative was also supported by then-president Miguel Alemán, who ordered the bones to be deposited in the Altar a la Patria, inaugurated in 1952.
The deconstruction of history leaves gaps that cannot be supported. Nobody can accept the emptiness of an event that has been dismantled, and some historiographers have affirmed that within the collective imagination, it is necessary to replace that emptiness with another symbol.
So questions are born and interpretations are born with other evidence. Given this, the world of official history is finally ready to unveil other narratives? Or will it continue with the caudillista ideology creating archaic monuments in their meanings? [email protected]