Vitamin D deficiency in many people is one of the main causes of many diseases, a serious and silent threat that affects more than 52% of people worldwide during the pandemic.
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The doctors Michael Holick (USA), José Luis Mansur and David Fusaro (Argentina), presented figures and provided details in a conference via Zoom, this in front of doctors from Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama and the Dominican Republic, regarding what have been the main impacts associated with the lack of Vitamin D in people.
According to these specialists, Vitamin D – also called hormone D for its multiple functions in the body, is essential for absorbing calcium and plays an important role in various systems, has presented gradual decreases in serum concentration levels in the population of the countries of the isthmus and the Caribbean due to an inadequate diet, little or insufficient exposure to sunlight and confinement forced by the health emergency, among other factors.
“The modern lifestyle, added to the confinement that we have had during the last 12 months as a prevention method for the spread of COVID-19, they have been determining factors in aggravating this threat to people’s health, “said Holick, a fellow of the American College of Nutrition and the American Physicians Association.
Jose Luis Mansur, specialist in endocrinology and osteology and his colleague David Fusaro, medical director of the Buenos Aires Gynecological Institute, referred to this problem that has become very worrisome for the medical sector and is the subject of investigation.
In his speech José Luis Mansour explained that vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium, which is one of the main components of bones, in addition, to obtain vitamin D you can do three ways, through your skin, your diet and supplements.
“In the specific case of the musculoskeletal system, the Argentine doctor emphasized the risks of suffering bone density loss (osteoporosis and fractures) in adults, along with rickets in children, since the absence of Vitamin D could contribute to soft and buckling bones. “There is scientific evidence that associates the lack of this vitamin with autoimmune diseases”, He said.
Contrary to popular belief, the expert highlighted the importance of taking between 15 to 20 minutes of sun without sun protection, before 10:00 am and after 03:00 pm, since the daily diet only provides 10% of the required Vitamin D.
It details that the role of food is fundamentalSince very few foods naturally contain significant amounts of Vitamin D, which is found mainly in fatty fish, salmon, and egg yolks.
“In Latin America, more than 80 and 90% of people have vitamin D deficiency, in addition, based on statistics from 10 years ago, 80% of pregnant women had deficits. The normal levels that a person should have is between 30 and 60 nanograms per millilite in the body, a figure that is generally ignored. The toxic level is above 100 or 150, but it is very difficult for it to happen, but it can happen, “he says.
What are the effects of not sunbathing?
About this theme, Fusaro affirms that this depends on the place on the planet and the lifestyle that the person hasThis is because a person who lives near the equator will receive much more sunlight than someone who has a home near the poles.
“The most serious effects are those related to osteoporosis, cancer, ulcer, among others, However, people can combat this problem and prevent the progression of these diseases, taking a little sunlight or consuming daily doses of vitamin D pills that have between one thousand and two thousand milligram units, this includes new capsules of 100,000, but every three months.
Fasuro mentions that everyone should have an analysis to measure the amount of vitamin D present in their body, but this in winter time, that is because in summer time the measurements that result are not the most accurate and can be normal, something that in the end is not what you want.
Currently research continues on the subject, to find more problems related to this problem and other solutions so that people are aware of their health and pay attention to this important issue.
The three professionals recommended to the population of the countries of Central America and the Caribbean to consult a doctor and have tests of laboratory to know the levels of vitamin D, whose deficiency or insufficiency is very high in the whole world.