Officially, everyone agrees: it’s a good thing that colleges and high schools are back. Monday April 26, these establishments will resume in distancing, before being able to return, the following week, part-time in class. More precisely, college students of 4e and 3e will then be received, by “half-gauge” in their establishment in the 15 departments where the circulation of the virus is the most active. Ditto for high school students everywhere in France. They will therefore share their time between classroom and distance education.
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The establishment of this hybrid system responds to a demand expressed, for weeks, by several unions and associations of parents of students, who saw the threat of a complete closure of establishments with the risk of epidemic approaching. However, beyond this satisfecit, many also stress that all adolescents will not be housed in the same boat, far from it.
A priority for the terminal?
Indeed, in the name of the principle of pedagogical freedom, each teacher will set to music, as he sees fit, the “half-gauge” operation desired by the State. Moreover, proof of this room for maneuver, the term “half-gauge” was preferred to that of “half-group”, which would have been more restrictive, decrypts Jean-Rémi Girard, president of the National Union of high schools. and colleges (Snalc): “In the first case, it is necessary to divide the workforce on the scale of the establishment, in the second, it is necessary, at all times, to divide each class in half. “
Suddenly, some establishments could thus choose to give priority to face-to-face classes for certain high-stake classes: Terminal students who pass the baccalaureate, or Secondes who must make important choices in terms of guidance, to the detriment of other levels.
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Schools are also free to choose the rate of student rotation. “For example, in the high school where I am a teacher, we will alternate by half-day, continues Jean-Rémi Girard, 15 students per class will come in the morning while the others will work at home. And vice versa in the afternoon. “
This system has the advantage of emptying the canteen, since no student is then present in the establishment at lunch time, but is only possible in urban areas, in order to avoid too many back and forth trips. complicated. “As a result, most establishments will undoubtedly alternate a whole day, or even every other week”, anticipates the principal.
Visio or not?
Colleges and high schools will also have to choose: is it appropriate, or not, to set up video courses? Some establishments have already given up on it, overwhelmed by the technical difficulties encountered by digital workspaces (ENT) just before the holidays.
Many, however, should reconnect their cameras and microphones. But, again, conditions will vary a lot. “The rectorate of Créteil recommends not to exceed one hour per day per student”, explains Bruno Bobkiewicz, national secretary of the Union of management personnel (SNPDEN). According to him, this hour should not be a lecture, but rather a time for discussion and questions with the teacher.
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However, some students will discover the charms of the “ synchronous hybrid ‘. This term designates the case where the teacher, present in the class in front of half of the students, films his lesson with a webCam and shares it, in real time, with the students who are at home. This solution is, in particular, defended by the FCPE, the majority association of the parents of pupils of the public. She who sees it as a good way to keep in touch. However, few establishments should take the plunge, recognizes Rodrigo Arenas, its president, “Lack of sufficient financial means to buy the WebCams”.
The grand oral in question
Whatever the method of organization chosen, all establishments must nevertheless “complete the program”. This imperative arises in an acute way in this year of pandemic which is coupled with a reform of the high school and the Bac.
Faced with this accumulation of unknowns, the maintenance of the grand oral of the Bac, particularly worries. This test consists, for each student, of preparing two subjects of their choice in their specialty subjects. They must make a presentation to a jury before a time to discuss their professional project.
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“Suddenly, in a class of 35 students, we have 35 different oral exams to prepare, alert Jean-Rémi Girard. We have never done that, since this is the first year of application of the reform. However, this is not realistic in the current context and we are asking for the event to be canceled. ” The ministry explains that such a decision can still intervene, up to 15 days of the holding of the test.