The United Kingdom was the first European country to achieve the atomic bomb in 1957. Three years later, in 1960, France also became a nuclear power. It was the years of the Cold War, and the streets of London and Paris were filled with demonstrations against the arms race. Until the 1990s, when London began a constant and accelerated reduction of nuclear reserves that have reached below 200 units. But on the other side of the English Channel, Paris continued with its military program until it reached 570 warheads.

March 16, 2021 has marked a turning point for European nuclear safety. The British Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, announced that, for the first time in decades, the UK would expand its nuclear arsenal to all 260 units in the coming decades, thus approaching parity with France, which currently has some 300. A decision that ended the nuclear non-proliferation policy promoted by London for decades and could further heat the economy. race towards rearmament, undermining the foundations of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty, signed by 5 out of 9 countries possessing atomic weapons.

The nuclear spike between France and the United Kingdom has also had important repercussions on the strategy of collective defense of the European Union. The complex relationship between France and the United Kingdom, participation of both in NATO and the reluctance of former members of the Warsaw Pact have been the main obstacles that have prevented the formation of an army in the European Union, despite the fact that not all EU members are part of the Atlantic Alliance. A failed project that not even the United Kingdom’s exit from the EU has managed to revive, as we explain in the video about these lines.

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