US President Joe Biden announced Thursday that raises the emission reduction target greenhouse gas net emissions to 50-52% by 2030 from 2005 levels.

The White House made this announcement official as part of the Leaders for Climate Summit, convened by Biden and in which 40 leaders from around the world are invited, including the President of the Government of Spain, Pedro Sánchez, as well as the heads of State or Government of Brazil (Jair Bolsonaro), China (Xi Jinping) , France (Emmanuel Macron), Germany (Angela Merkel), Japan (Yoshihide Suga), Russia (Vladimir Putin) and the United Kingdom (Boris Johnson), among others.

Biden’s new climate goal takes up the climate ambition of Barack Obama, who, in 2015, a few months before the adoption of the Paris Agreement, pledged to cut emissions between 26 and 28% by 2025 in relation to the levels 2005. Later, Donald Trump’s mandate was sown with inaction in the fight against climate change, to the point that this president decided that his country should leave the Paris Agreement, something that Biden reversed as soon as he took office. last January 20.

The US target is lower than the EU’s, which is close to setting by law a net reduction target of greenhouse gas emissions of at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels, instead of the 40% currently established, as provisionally agreed upon in this Wednesday the negotiators of the European Council and the European Parliament.

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Boris Johnson, announced on Tuesday a new emission reduction target of 78% by 2035 compared to 1990 levels, which is the most ambitious climate commitment of developed economies.

Still, local governments, businesses and other leaders applauded Biden’s announcement, after weeks of pressure from scientists and the private sector to cut US emissions by at least 50%.

However, environmental advocates say more needs to be done to offset the role of the United States as the largest single emitter in history and help keep global warming below the most dangerous levels, and they have also called on the United States to stop finance and export fossil fuels abroad.

The Biden Administration indicated that the new climate goal will create millions of “high paying” jobs, ensure economic competitiveness, promote environmental justice, stimulate innovation in clean technologies and improve the health and safety of communities in the United States.

The US government consulted unions, scientists, governors, mayors, businessmen and universities before deciding to increase its climate ambition. One of the goals is for 100% of electricity to come from renewable sources by 2035.

Other analysts have mapped out pathways to reduce 2005 emission levels by 50% by 2030. Thus, policies to achieve this could involve reducing methane emissions from oil and gas by 66% by 2030 and ensuring that all cars sold in the United States by 2035 are zero emissions.

Pedro Sánchez will ask to redouble climate commitments

The head of the Government, Pedro Sánchez, will propose at the climate summit that multilateral commitments in the fight against climate change be redoubled.

Sánchez will be one of the forty heads of State and Government who will participate on April 22 and 23 in this telematic summit that Biden promised as soon as he arrived at the White House and with which the return of the United States to the international consensus on this problem is evidenced.

The President of the Government has already expressed his satisfaction with the change that the Biden administration could make in this regard compared to that of his predecessor, Donald Trump.

Executive sources have advanced that Sánchez (who has not yet had a conversation with Biden since he acceded to the White House) will highlight at the summit the importance of the role of the United States in the fight against climate change and will invite further reinforcement of the international community’s commitment to this problem.

In his speech this Tuesday in Andorra at an organized forum on the occasion of the Ibero-American Summit, He already stressed that if a lesson must be drawn from the coronavirus pandemic, it is that multilateral instruments must be ratified in the face of challenges such as climate change.

In addition, he hoped that the COP26 climate summit scheduled for next November in Glasgow will also be a turning point in that fight.

To this week’s telematics summit The United States has invited the leaders of 17 countries that are responsible for 80% of global emissions, as well as the leaders of other nations that are suffering the effects of climate change or who have demonstrated the will to combat it.

China will participate in the summit

Chinese President Xi Jinping will participate in the virtual conference organized by the White House on climate change on Thursday and Friday this week.

Xi will pronounce a “important speech” during this leaders’ summit – in which some 40 leaders from around the world will participate – at the invitation of Biden, Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said in a statement, without giving further details.

The US special envoy for climate change, John Kerry, and his Chinese counterpart, Xie Zhenhua, pledged last Sunday in Shanghai to “improve their respective actions” and to “cooperate in multilateral processes” to combat the climate crisis, which “must be addressed seriously and urgently.”

Both parties expressed their confidence that the virtual summit “increase global climate ambition to mitigate, adapt and support“the road to COP 26 in Glasgow, which will take place between 1 and 12 November.

Although Kerry’s visit focused on fighting climate change, it was a new public contact between both superpowers since last March senior representatives of the two countries met in Alaska in a tense atmosphere and cross-accusations.

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